福特8D培训-教材案例.docx

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8D分析 Braves yang 杨春勇绪 论欢迎来到8D(8 Disciplines)课程,福特汽车公司使用8D作为问题解决的方法(见QS-9000要求之4.14.1.1)。当福特的供方具有零件或过程的问题时,福特要求供方完成8D过程以确定根本原因并实施纠正措施。背景:解决问题的方法—4.14.1.1当外部或内部出现与规范或要求不符合时,供方必须采取有效的解决问题的方法。当出现外部不符合时,供方必须按顾客规定的方法做出反应,参见顾客的有关文件。什么是8D?D0:为8D过程做准备D1:成立小组D2:问题的描述D3:确定临时纠正措施(ICA)的开发D4:确定和验证根本原因和遗漏点D5:确定和验证针对根本原因和遗漏点的永久性纠正措施(PCA)D6:实施和确认PCAD7:防止再发生D8:承认小组及个人的贡献8D报告示例Supplier A8D Concern Analysis ReportCONCERN NO:0X0000CONCERN TITLE:Mislabel 483 CA/AADATE OPENED:11/22/00ASSIGNED TO:QR Team(2) Describe Concern:Parts are labeled as 0X00-7D483-CA (Style C), parts are actually 0X00-7D483-AA (Style A).Return authorization 0X0011-00Need to certify next 4 shipmentsPRODUCT LINE:0X00PRODUCT NAME:Snap ring(1) Team MembersMike Paulson, Joan Huber, John DeCarlo, Denise Roxbury, Amy Bloom, Louis Keller, Michelle Fargo, Justine Williams(3) Define and Verify Containment Actions:Checked inventory 11/22/00 for mislabeled totes, 4 pallets found, all marked correctly.Quality Alert issued 11/22/00.Joan Huber in to Livonia to relabel parts 11/28/00 – no need to return parts. There were 39 totes to relabel.(4) Define Root Causes:Shipping department has put several new employees on all shifts, inexperienced packers used incorrect labels.(If additional analysis is required indicate completion dates)Completion Date:(5) % Contribution(each cause)100%(6) Implement Corrective Actions:Conducted meeting with managers and supervisors 11/29/00 to inform them of the issues discussed during the Livonia visit. Materials Manager conducted a meeting 11/30/00 with each shift of packers to retrain them on correct labeling and packaging. They were informed that any further problems with incorrect packaging will result in disciplinary action.(7) Preventative Actions:Purchasing paperwork holders that will be hooked on the front of the pallets and tubs for easier identification. Holders to be delivered weeks of 12/12/00.REPORTED BY:Joan HuberDATE:12/12/00Concurrence:SupervisorDATE:(8) Congratulate your teamq:\Cust

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