活塞式空气压缩机的结构原理及故障排除.doc

活塞式空气压缩机的结构原理及故障排除.doc

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活塞式空气压缩机的结构原理及故障排除 Exclude the structure principle and fault of the piston type air compressor 姓 名: 学 号:0901140324 学 院:机电信息学院 指导老师: 时间:2012/12/5 摘要 此设计的对象是目前使用较普遍的型活塞式空气压缩机。其内容是对活塞式压缩机的用途、结构、工作原理、性能特点进行了详述,并对压缩机的曲 轴组件的结构进行了简介侧重于根据已知的对型活 塞式空气压缩机进行热力计算活塞式空压机常见故障、事故及其原因,提出了可行的排除方法及预防措施,对空压机安全运行、提高平均无故障运行时间有指导意义对提高其生产效率有重大意义。 Abstract The piston compressor vertical which is widely used at present has been studied in this thesis .The modern enterprise,using compressed has machines is more and more,for example,chemical,metallurgical,light industry,textile,and mining,and so on,many industries are widely used in all kinds of gas compressors。Therefore,gas compressor is a modern industrial production in general machinery。Combined with the basic structure and how it works,focus its structure design,learn the parts of the structure design and its strength verification method,in the design a basic idea of mechanical equipment and methods。The compressor’s use, structure, work principle and function characteristics of the compressor has been expatiated ,The entire design process consists of the overall structural design, thermodynamic calculation, lays down the relevant parts of the structure of the dimension, and then with the AUTOCAD drawing, This paper analyzes the common piston-type air compressor failure, accidents and the reasons put forward to exclude possible methods and preventive measures, safe operation of air compressor, raising the average uptime of guiding significance to improving the efficiency of their production are significance. Keywords:piston compressor: structural Design: correlation calculation: Auto CAD: 目录 第1章 绪论 5 1.1 概述 5 1.2压缩机的工作原理和结构简介 6 1.2.1 工作原理 6 1.2.2 结构简介 7 1.3 压缩机在国内外的发展前景 8 1.4 压缩机的用途 9 1.5 压缩机曲柄连杆结构简介 9 1.5.1 概述 9 1.5.2曲轴结构 10 第2章 总体设计 11 2.1设计原则及设计要求 11 2.2 结构方案的选择 11 第3章 热力计算 13 3.1 概述 13 3.2 气缸容积和行程的确定 14 3.2.1 设计原始数据 14 3.2.2 压缩机转数和行程的确定 14 3.2.3 容积计算 15 第4章 气缸部分的设计 16 4.1 气缸 16 4.1.1 设计气缸的要点 1

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