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汽车行业物流规划方法讲义.ppt 61页

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* Speaker抯 Notes 备课笔记 The milk run method is where one empty truck goes to several different suppliers and returns to the plant with a full load. (This was named after old fashioned milk deliveries. The milkman goes from house to house to deliver the milk). The milk run is used when we have several suppliers, fairly close together, who supply only a partial truckload of parts, on a frequent basis. In this case it makes sense for one truck to pick up the loads one after another, and finally come back with a full load to the plant. 定常路线法(milk run)是指一辆空车走访几个不同的供应商, 然后满载货物回到厂中。(这个 名称源于老式的送牛奶路线。牛奶工走家串户地送牛奶)。定常路线法一般用于几个供应 商所在地比较接近, 而且他们按一定的时间周期向我们供应零部件,并且各自供应的零部 件一般只需占用货车的部分载重量。这种情况下,一辆货车一个接一个地从供应商那里取 货, 最后满载货物回到厂中,就显得比较合理。 It is important to note that windows of time are set at the suppliers and at the plant. 有一点需要注意, 在供应商处和工厂中已分别确定了运输时间安排 。 Ask: Does anybody have any idea why we would want to standardize the delivery times? 提问: 是否有人了解我们为什么要规定标准发送时间? Answer: We need to have standard delivery times, for two reasons. First, the suppliers need a regular time, that they know they are required to provide the materials. Second, so that we can plan the deliveries to the plant! You can imagine that we can抰 have all the trucks arriving at the same time of the day - what a mess! 回答: 我们之所以需要规定标准发送时间, 主要有两个原因。首先, 供应商需要一个标准时 间以确定他们何时应该提供物料。其次, 这样做我们还可以计划各辆货车的运输进程! 你完 全可以想象, 我们不可能让所有的货车在一天中的同一时间到达 - 那会造成极大的混乱! Overhead 投影 * Speaker抯 Notes 备课笔记 This depicts the direct method. 这里描述了直接法。 Ask: Can anyone tell me when you think we would use this method? 提问: 是否有人能告诉我, 你认为何时应使用这种方式? Answer: This method is used when a supplier is used when the supplier can deliver a full or almost full load. 回答: 当一个供应商的发货量达到或几乎达到货车的满载重量时, 就应该使用这种方式。 Overhead 投影 * Speaker抯 Notes 备课笔记 Say: This is the third method. Can anyone tell me when we might use the consolidation method? 讲解: 这是第三种方式。是否有人能告诉我, 何时应使用联运方式? Answer: When there are many suppliers with incomplete loads (small quantities), or ve

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