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培训课件-糖尿病肾病的血糖管理.ppt 72页

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小 结 糖尿病肾病是CKD的主要病因。 糖尿病肾病的防治要关注血压、蛋白尿、血脂、血糖。 糖尿病肾病的血糖控制既要控制高血糖,又要减少低血糖风险。 DPP-4抑制剂、GLP-1类似物(激动剂)、SGLT2等药物为临床血糖管理提供了新的选择。 谢 谢! Clin Ther. 2009 Nov;31(11):2608-17. Antidiabetic medication use and prevalence of chronic kidney disease among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the United States. Koro CE, Lee BH, Bowlin SJ. Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to estimate the proportion of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in the United States with different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to describe glycemic control and antidiabetic drug use among them. METHODS: Using data from the Fourth National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES IV) for the years 1999 through 2004, we performed a cross-sectional analysis of patients with type 2 DM aged >or=20 years at the time of the survey interview. CKD stages were categorized according to the classification system established by the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative. Anti-diabetic medication use among these patients was described using self-reported survey responses as well as survey medication files. RESULTS: A total of 1462 patients with type 2 DM were included in the analysis. Men and women constituted 48.3% and 51.7% of the study sample, respectively; 15.6% received a DM diagnosis <2 years ago, and 36.2% received their diagnosis >10 years ago. CKD was present in 39.7% of patients with DM. Mean (SE) glycosylated hemoglobin was lower in more advanced CKD stages, from stage 1 (8.35% [0.23%]) to combined stages 4 and 5 (6.63% [0.15%]). Based on the medication file data, the proportion of patients with CKD using 1 antidiabetic medication was higher as CKD progressed, from 36.3% at stage 1 to 62.9% at stages 4 and 5 (P = 0.007). By self-report, the proportion of patients with CKD using insulin alone was 6.7% at stage 1 and 38.8% at stages 4 and 5 (P < 0.001). The proportion of patients using oral antidiabetic agents alone was 69.0% at stage 1


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