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layers-of-the-earthppt - TeacherWeb层的earthpp.PPT 43页

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Temperature Ranges for the Mantle 870 degrees Celsius in the Upper Mantle 2700 degrees Celsius in the Lower Mantel Temperatures increase the deeper you go. . Density of the mantle ranges from 3.4-5.6 g/cm The Mantle is more dense than the crust but less dense than the core. Mantle is composed of silicon, oxygen, magnesium, iron, aluminum, and calcium The mantle has more iron than the crust. These materials are semi liquid like jell-o. This is where lava and magma comes from Parts of Layer Composition Density Temperature Description Location Layer Upper Mantle: Mixture of solid and molten rock Lithosphere (tectonic Plates) Lower Mantle: Mostly molten rock Asthenosphere ( how tectonic plates move) Silicon, oxygen, magnesium, iron aluminum and Calcium (more iron than the crust) More dense than the crust 3.4-5.6 g/cm 870-2700 degrees Celsius Flexible, semi liquid (flows ) Makes up 80% of Earth’s mass This is where magma and lava come from The middle Layer Located below the crust 2900km thick Mantle Beneath the mantle is the Earth's core. The Earth's core consists of a fluid outer core and a solid inner core. The Core Beneath the mantle is the Earth's core. The Earth's core consists of a fluid outer core and a solid inner core. The Outer Core is about 2,500 km thick. The Inner Core in about 1,230 km from the Earth’s center The deeper layers are composed of heavier materials; they are hotter, denser and under much greater pressure than the outer layers. About 2,200 degrees Celsius at the Outer Core About 5,000 degrees Celsius at the Inner Core The Core’s Temperature Ranges: Density of the core ranges from 9.9 -13.1 Outer core 9.9-12.2 Inner core 12.8 -13.1 The Earth’s Core is the most dense layer Outer Core: liquid Nickel and Iron Inner Core: Solid Iron Outer Core is made up of liquid nickel and Iron It is liquid because the pressure is lower. Inner Core is a solid iron sphere.? The reason that the iron is solid is that the pressure at the center of

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