book 3 unit 4 astronomythe science of the stars精选资料.doc 11页

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book 3 unit 4 astronomythe science of the stars精选资料.doc

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    Unit 4 astronomy: the science of the stars Warming up Think about these questions and then discuss them with your partners. In our solar system eight planets circle around the sun. What are they? Can you math the names with the planets? Uranus天王星 venus金星 earth地球 mars火星 mercury 水星Jupiter 木星Neptune 海王星 Saturn土星 Reading How life began on the earth No one knows exactly how the earth began, as it happened so long ago. However, according to a widely accepted theory, the universe began with a "Big Bang" that threw matter in all directions. After that, atoms began to form and combine to create stars and other bodies. For several years after the "Big Bang", the earth was still just a cloud of dust. What it was to become was uncertain until between 4.5 and 3.8 billion years ago when the dust settled into a solid globe. The earth became so violent that it was not clear whether the shape would last or not. It exploded loudly with fire and rock. They were in time to produce carbon, nitrogen, water vapour and other gases, which were to make the earth's atmosphere. What is even more important is that as the earth cooled dow, water began to appear on it surface. Water had also appeared on other planets like Mars but, unlike the earth, it had disappeared later. It was not immediately obvious that water was to be fundamental to the development of life. What many scientists believe is that the continued presence of water allowed the earth to dissolve harmful gases and acids into the oceans and seas. This produced a chain reaction, which made it possible for life to develop. Many millions of years later, the first extremely small plants began to appear on the surface of the water. They multiplied and filled the oceans and seas with oxygen, which encouraged the later development of early shellfish and all sorts of fish. Next, green plants began to grow on land. They were followed in time by land animals. Some were insects. Others, called amphibians, were able to live on land as wel

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