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Distinct heat-shock element arrangements that mediate the heat.pdf 14页

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Distinct heat-shock element arrangements that mediate the heat
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Distinct heat-shock element arrangements that mediate the heat shock, but not the late-embryogenesis induction of small heat-shock proteins, correlate with promoter activation in root-knot nematode feeding cells Marta Barcala ? Alejandra Garc??a ? Pilar Cubas ? Concepcio?n Almoguera ? Juan Jordano ? Carmen Fenoll ? Carolina Escobar Received: 19 July 2007 / Accepted: 2 November 2007 / Published online: 28 November 2007  Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007 Abstract Genes coding small heat-shock proteins (sHSPs) show distinct behaviours with respect to environ- mental and developmental signals. Their transcriptional regulation depends on particular combinations of heat stress cis-elements (heat-shock elements; HSEs) but many aspects regarding their regulation remain unclear. Cyst and root-knot nematodes induce, in the roots of infected plants, the differentiation of special feeding cells with high met- abolic activity (syncytia and giant cells, respectively), a process accompanied by extensive gene expression chan- ges. The Hahsp17.7G4 (G4) promoter was active in giant cells and its HSE arrangements were crucial for this acti- vation. In the present work, we provide further basis to associate giant cell expression with the heat-shock response of this gene class, by analysing additional pro- moters. The Hahsp17.6G1 (G1) promoter, not induced by heat shock, was silent in giant cells, while Hahsp18.6G2 (G2), which responds to heat shock, was specifically induced in giant cells. In addition, a mutated Hahsp17.7G4 promoter version (G4MutP) with a strong heat-shock induction was also induced in giant cells. The responses of the different promoters correlated with distinct HSE con- figurations, which might have implications on differential trans-activation. Furthermore, the shortest giant cell and heat-shock-inducible sHSP promoter version analysed in tobacco (-83pb Hahsp17.7G4) fully maintained its expression profile in Arabidopsis. Cyst nematodes did not induce the H

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