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女博士的事业—家庭偏好分析.pdf 83页

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  • 上传作者 zouxiangshenlan(上传创作收益人)
  • 发布时间:2017-05-19
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1------------------------------ Work-lifestyle Preferences of Female PhDs in Mainland China ABSTRACT Female PhD students sometimes are regarded as 'the Third Gender'(hereafter TTG) in mainland China, which was derived from two popular sayings. One is 'there are three genders in the world--male, female and female PhD students'. The other is that female PhDs are 'Miejue Shitai', which is used to describe an fictional unemotional ugly woman reached the highest level of Chinese Kungfu. These anecdotes suggest the feeling of reverence and intolerant for female PhDs. Usually female PhD students graduate at their late 20s or early 30s, which is the best time for birth giving. Sometimes they have to do hard decisions between academia and family. Furthermore, prejudice from the society makes the problems for female PhDs a social problem rather than personal choices. Based on qualitative research, I interviewed nine female PhDs by asking their life experience, career plan and attitudes toward marriage and love in order to investigate their work-lifestyle preference. By doing this, life of female PhDs is expected to be known and understood by more people. Respondents are classified to three types based on the 'Classification of women's work-lifestyle preferences in the 21st century' designed by Dr. Hakim. According to the interviews, eight out of nine respondents choose 'adaptive' type, another chooses career-oriented. Under this circumstance, respondents are classified to adaptive-career, adaptive-family and career-oriented grounding on analysis from transcribes. In the conclusion part, this paper abstracts a table of 'Factors influencing work-lifestyle preference of

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