Over_the_South_Pole_新概念.pptx 18页

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    Over_the_South_Pole_新概念

    Over the South Pole;Over the South Pole ;New words and expressions;New words and expressions;New words and expressions;New words and expressions;New words and expressions;Less为后缀的词语; Phrase;Though, at first, Byrd and his men were able to take a great many photographs of the mountains that lay below, they soon ran into serious trouble. 连词though引导让步状语从句,其含义是“虽然……,尽管……”。它永远不与but连用。 take a photograph of… 拍……的照片 在他离开家之前,他给他的房子照了张照片。 He took a photograph of his house before he left home. run into trouble = get into trouble 遇到麻烦,陷入困境 每次他遇到困难了,他都向父母寻求帮助。 Each time he ran into trouble, he asked his parents for help.;At one point, it seemed certain that their plane would crash. at one point 在某一地方,在某一时刻(point也指时间上的某一点) 他曾一度下决心要当个画家。 At one point, he made up his mind to become a painter. it为先行主语,真正的主语为that引导的从句。it作先行主语时经常与seem,appear,look等连用: 现在似乎可以肯定会议将被推迟。 It now looks certain that the meeting is going to be put off. (put off: 推迟,call off: 取消) ;It could only get over the mountains if it rose to 10,000 feet. rise to … 上升至…… The plane was then able to rise and it cleared the mountains by 400 feet. by表示“相差,以……之差”的意思 我晚了10分钟,没赶上火车。 I missed the train by ten minutes. 他比我小两岁。 He is younger than me by two years. ;can与be able to的区别;1.? 语法上,严格地说,can属于情态助动词(modal auxiliary verb),它只有现在和过去两种时态形式,而be able to属于半助动词(semi- auxiliary verb),它却有较多的时态形式,而且还可与其它情态助动词连用。表达将来的“能力”时,一般用be able to;表达完成概念时,则只能用be able to。例如: One day people will be able to travel to the moon. ??? 有朝一日,人们会到月球去旅行的。 They have not been able to go to school for two weeks. ??? 他们已有两周没能去上学了。 You might be able to persuade her. ??? 你也许能说服她。 ;2.? 语义上, can属于情态助动词,它指主语具备某种“潜在能力”,但并不包含该能力的实施;而be able to属于半助动词,它则除了指主语具备某种“能力”外,还往往暗示该能力的付诸实施。据此,在针对现在情况或将来情况时,两者的区别意义不大,常可通用。 因为,在现在或将来情况下,主语“潜能”的实施与否未经事后验证。例如: Mr Black can/is able to speak several foreign languages. ??? 布莱克先生会讲几门外语。 I can/will be able to finish the work before twelve. ??? 我会在12点前完成工作的。 ;3.? 在针对过去情况时,两者的区别意义明显,不可混用。因为,在过去情况下,主语“潜能

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