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浅谈新高考下英语阅读理解解题策略.doc 6页

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浅谈新高考下英语阅读理解解题策略
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浅谈新高考下英语阅读理解解题策略根据《XX年新高考的考试说明》,新高考的英语试卷满分共1XX年的高考试卷的阅读理解中一般占4-6分,也就是2-3个题目 一、 猜测词义题目类型 1.对考纲内熟词新义的猜测 I had first known she was wrong, that her anxiety had clouded her judgment. (04全国卷) “cloud” means “_____________________.” 2.对代词的猜测 The chances opened up by trade are vast, she argues, but free markets need the correcting force of politics to keep them in check.(06全国卷) “them” refers to “________________.” 3.对句义的猜测 The biggest finding in brain research in the last ten years is that the brain at any age is highly plastic. If you ask your brain to learn, it will learn.(07四川卷) By saying “the brain at any age is highly plastic”, the writer means the brain can be _____. A. used B. mastered C. developed D. researched 4.对考纲外生词的猜测 Many United Nations employees are polyglots: Mr. Jim, for example, speaks five languages fluently. “polyglot” most probably means “_______________.” 二、 常见的猜测词义题设问方式 1.The underlined word is closest in meaning to the word…? (07上海卷) 2.We can learn from the underlined part… that…(06辽宁卷) 3.Which of the following best explains the meaning of the word… as it is used in the text?(03全国卷) 4.By saying…, the author means to say that…(07 四川卷) 5.The underlined sentence in… paragraph implies/ refers to/ means … 三、 解题策略 策略一:根据生活常识 生活常识是指一般人通过生活实践而学会的知识,而有些猜测词义题我们就可以根据生活中所积累的常识来做题。例如: 1.Birds fly with their wings, and they pick up their foods, and then eat them with their beaks and they use their claws for tearing, seizing, pulling or holding objects. “beak” here means ______________. 根据常识我们知道,鸟用翅膀飞翔,用喙来叼起食物,并且吃掉食物。所以这个题目我们可以很容易的猜测出来“beak”指的是鸟的嘴巴,也就是喙 策略二:根据逻辑联系 逻辑联系包括:定义关系,对比关系,因果关系,类比关系,同位语关系等等 1.Mr. Smith loves to talk, and his wife is similarly loquacious. 这个题目属于同义关系,由句中的词“similarly”(类似地)可得知。又有前文的关键短语“love to talk”,得知“loquacious”应该是和“love to talk”具有相近的意义,因此我们可以得出“loquacious”指的是爱说话的意思。常见表示同义关系的信号词: and ,or ,such as, like,for example, for instance等 2.It will be very hard bu

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