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强调句面面观.ppt 18页

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句型结构: It is / was + 被强调部分+ that / who +句子剩余部分… 本文我们着重探讨该句型的创新变化形式。随着高考考点的不断深入变化,该句型总是以新的面孔出现,或本身发生变化,或与其他句式结构相结合,然而万变不离其宗,总是脱不掉it,be,that/who这一框架结构。笔者结合近几年有关高考题的特点,将其变化形式归纳如下: 强调句型的一般疑问句形式。 一. 句式特征:Is/ Was it +被强调部分+ that…; 1.(1994 上海)Was it in 1969 ___ the American astronauts succeeded ___ landing on the moon ? A. when; on B. that; on C. when; in D. that; in 比较It was in 1969 that the American astronauts succeeded in landing on the moon 我们不难看出该题干 实质上是该陈述句的一般疑问句形式。 2.Could it be in the restaurant in ____ you had dinner with me yesterday ____ you lost your handbag? A.that; which??? B. which; that??? C. where; that? ?? D. that; where 这是一个含有情态动词的强调句型的一般疑问句形式, 空格所在的句子成分应为定语从句,结合介词in应用关系代 词which;第二个空格所在部分应为强调句型中的that分句。 二、 结合特殊疑问词构成特殊疑问句形式。 句式特征:特殊疑问词+is/was it that…? 3._______ is it _______has made Peter _______he is today? A. What; that; that B. That; that; what C. What; what; that D. What; that; what [简析]:本题结构复杂,乍看难以理清,请看下面两句: It is determination that has made Peter what he is today. 对划线部分提问→What is it that has made Peter what he is today? 依此为据扩展开来可为: 4.How is it that she turned down our help? 什么原因使得…? 5.Where was it that you met Tom yesterday? 究竟在哪…? 6.When was it that you met him in the park? 究竟何时…? 7.When and where was it that you got to know Mary? 究竟在何时何地…? 8.Who was it that that came up with the bright idea? 究竟是谁…? 9.Which book is it that you want to buy? 究竟是哪一本书…? 10.Whose umbrella was it that you took away? 到底是谁的伞…? 三、 强调句型的反意疑问句形式 句式特征为:It is/was+被强调部分+that…, 11.It was Alice and her boyfriend who sent the old man to the hospital, ______? A. do they B. didn’t they C. wasn’t it D. was it [简析]: 此种情况下疑问句中的主语应与强调句型中的主语it保持一致,不能和被强调部分中的名词或代词保持一致,并要遵守“前肯定后否定”的原则。 四、强调句型的感叹句形式。 句式特征为:what/ how … it is (that) +主语+谓语! 12.What a beautiful picture it is (that) you have drawn! 13.How beautiful it is (that) your daughter is! 五、强调句型的“让步含义”。 句式特征为:含有“让步含义”的强调句型在翻译成汉语时要注意“反译”。 14.It is

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