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时态一.ppt 24页

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Grammar lesson! Tense 时 态 (一) Ⅰ. Review 肯定句: 1. 今天你必须要完成作业 You must finish your homework today. 2. 昨天肯定下雨了,地面是湿的。 It must have rained yesterday. The groud is wet. 3. 你本应该告诉她事实。 You should have told her the fact. 4. 他可能正在图书馆看书。 He may be reading books in the library. 否定句: 1. 我们不应该浪费时间。 We should not waste time. 2. 你最好不要去参加聚会。 You had better not take part in the party. 疑问句: 1.今天我必须完成作业吗? Must I finish my homework today? 是的,你必须。 不, 你不必。 Yes, you must. No, you needn’t. you don’t have to. 2. 我们应该努力学习吗?(ought to) Ought we to study hard? 反义疑问句: 1. We shouldn’t tell a lie to anyone, 2. You must be good friends with each other, 3. They must have not finished their homework a few days ago, 固定搭配 1. 宁愿…不愿… would rather do than do; prefer to do rather than do 2. 喜欢…胜过… prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 3. 过去常常做… used to do sth. 4. 习惯于… be used to doing sth. Simple present tense (一般现在时) Words used in simple present tense often, always, usually, frequently, seldom, rarely, never, regularly, sometimes, every day(week, month, year), each day, once in a while, 表示习惯性,经常性,重复发生的, 2. 在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,主句是将来时,从句要 用一般现在时(主将从现) Eg. When I come next time, I will bring you some gifts. If you have spare time, I will have a talk with you. simple past tense(一般过去时) Words used in simple past tense then, at that time, just now, …ago, the other day(前几天),once upon a time (以前),one day, long long ago, 表示过去某个时间的 动作 simple future tense (一般将来时) 1.words used in simple future tense in the future, tomorrow, soon, next week(Sunday, morning…), in a while, in a minute(一会儿) ,the day ater tomorrow, …表示将要发生的动作或情况。 2. 进行时表将来 go, come, leave, start, arrive, take off(离开) Eg, I am leaving at once. 3. be going to be to do be about to do Past future tense (过去将来时) 常用于主句谓语动词是simple past tense 的宾语从句和间接引语中。 形式: would/ should + v 原形 Eg. I planed that I would go abroad to pursue my futher study. I said to him: “you are one of my good friends” (直接引语) I said to him that h

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