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高考语法汇编考点-动词和动词词组 (解析版).doc 11页

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掌门百所名校模题汇编 动词和动词短语 一 动词辨析 A组 课堂专项训练 1.【吉林省东北四校协作体高三联合考试】It’s hard to tell real Jingdezhen vases, and it’s a little more difficult for the untrained shopper to______. A. dismiss B. distinguish C. seek D. Shelter 1.【解析】B考查动词词义辨析。句意:很难分辨真正的景德镇花瓶,对于未经训练的购物者来区分它更困难。dismiss解散,解雇;distinguish区分,辨别;seek寻求,寻找;shelter庇护,保护。根据句意应选B项。 2.【河北衡水中学高三上期二调考试】That car accident _________all his life. After that he was limited to a wheelchair. A. damaged??? B. destroyed??? C. harmed??? D. Ruined 2.【解析】D考查动词词义辨析。句意:这次交通事故毁了他的一生,在那之后,他就被限制在了轮椅上。damage损坏(程度较轻);destroy严重损坏(程度较重,多指事物的损坏);harm对---有害;ruin毁灭。此处应是交通事故。故选D。 3.【湖北孝感高级中学高三调研考试】We would appreciate it if customers don’t______ to leave their suggestions and expectations for our product. A. hesitate B. pretend C. undertake D. Offer 3.【解析】A考查动词辨析。句意:如果顾客可以好不犹豫的把建议和对产品的期望留下,我们会感激的。hesitate犹豫,迟疑;pretend假装;undertake承担,承诺;offer提供,故选A项。 4.【江苏省无锡市洛社高级中学等三校高三12月联考】He is out of work, feeling as if he has _________ nothing. A. established B. accomplished C. abolished D. Guaranteed 4.【解析】B考查动词词义辨析。句意:他失业了,觉得自己一无所成。established建立;accomplished创建;abolished废除,废止;取消等;完成;达到(目的);guaranteed保证;担保。故选B项。 5.【湖北省襄阳四中、龙泉中学、荆州中学高三10月联考】The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was _____ jointly (共同地) to James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof for their discoveries of a major transport system in our cells. A. awarded B. rewarded C. distributed D. Contributed 5.【解析】A考查动词词义辨析。句意:年诺贝尔生理学和医药学被授予詹姆斯E罗斯曼,兰迪谢克曼和托马斯聚德霍夫以表彰他们对于细胞内物质运输机制的发现。awarded授予,奖给,判给,判归,判定;rewarded酬谢,奖赏,报答,惩罚;distributed分配;contributed贡献。故选A项。 6.【江西新余一中宜春中学高三年级联考】—Can we go camping tomorrowas planned? —I'm afraid not.The dark clouds ________a heavy rain. promise B.instruct C.expect D.forecast 6.【解析】A考查动词词义辨析。句意:——明天我们可以象计划的那样去露营吗?——恐怕不能,乌云预示着要有一场大雨。promise答应,许诺,预示(主语是物);instruct指导,指示;expect期待,预料;forecast预测(主语是人),故选A项。 7.【浙江省五校高三第一次联考】After a day’s hard work, Mary went to the nearby shop to _____ herself to a strawberry ice cream. A.

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