毕业论文基于单片机和CAN总线的企业现场信息监控系统.doc 72页

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毕业论文基于单片机和CAN总线的企业现场信息监控系统.doc

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    毕业论文基于单片机和CAN总线的企业现场信息监控系统

    基于单片机和CAN总线的企业现场信息监控系统 —智能节点部分 摘 要 本文设计了一种基于单片机和CAN总线的企业现场信息监控系统。系统从整体结构上分为三个部分,企业网络层、工程师站部分和智能节点部分。本文设计着重介绍了CAN通信控制芯片SJA1000与ATMega8L单片机接口构成的CAN总线系统智能节点部分。其硬件电路主要由4部分组成:单片机、CAN控制器、CAN总线收发器以及光电隔离器。主要功能是各智能节点采集现场仪表设备的过程参数,将数据经CAN总线发送到上位机, 本文首先介绍了企业现场信息监控系统的组成以及CAN现场总线;其次对现场信息检测的实现及单片机最小系统的各个接口电路作了简要介绍;然后对CAN通信模块的核心器件CAN总线控制器SJA1000和收发器PCA82C251作了详细的介绍;最后对系统的软件设计和系统调试进行了说明分析。 关键词:ATMega8L;CAN总线;智能节点;SJA1000 The monitoring system of the field information of enterprise based on MCU and CAN bus —Part of intelligent node Abstract In this paper, a monitoring system of field information of enterprise based on MCU and CAN bus is designed. In general ,the structure of the system is divided into three parts, the enterprise network, the engineer station, the smart node. This article focuses on the design of the CAN bus communication with ATMega8L and SJA1000 consisting of the smart nodes. The hardware have 4 major parts:microprocessor, CAN controller, CAN bus transceivers and optoelectronic isolator. The Main function of hardware is to capture the field information, the data will be sent to the MCU and engineer station,finally,MCU receives the orders and execute it. This paper introduces the field information monitoring system and CAN fieldbus, followed by the smallest single-chip microcomputer system of the various parts are briefly introduced; then the core of CAN communication module CAN bus controller SJA1000 device and the transceiver devices made PCA82C251 detail; Finally, the system software design and system analysis of debugging are described; Key words:ATMega8L; CAN bus;Smart Node ; SJA1000 目 录 TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u HYPERLINK \l "_Toc232731380" 摘 要 PAGEREF _Toc232731380 \h I HYPERLINK \l "_Toc232731381" Abstract PAGEREF _Toc232731381 \h II HYPERLINK \l "_Toc232731382" 第一章 引言 PAGEREF _Toc232731382 \h 1 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc232731383" 1.1 企业现场信息监控系统概述 PAGEREF _Toc232731383

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