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形容词最高级和比较级练习题.doc 7页

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一、规则变化 1.单音节和少数双音节单词,一般在词尾加“er”或“est”。 clean, tall, small, cheap , short, long, light, high 2. 以不发音字母“e”结尾的单词,直接在词尾加 “r”或“st”。 nice, late, close, fine, large, free, rude 3以辅音字母+y结尾的单词,应先改“y”为“i”,在加“er”或“est”。 4以重读闭音节结尾的单词,如果词尾只有一个辅音字母时,应先双写这一辅音字母,再加“er”或“est”。 happy , easy, heavy, healthy, busy, lucky, pretty, sunny, funny 5. 其他双音节单词和多音节单词,都在其前面加“more”或“most”。(beautiful, interesting) 6. 不规则变化。 合二为一共三对,“坏bad”,“病ill”,两多many/much”和“两好good/well”, 一分为二只两个,一是“远far”来二是“老old”, 还有一词little含双义,只记“少”来不记“小”。 I. 原级用法: 1. as+adj/ adv.的原级+ as (肯,否) , (not)so…as (否) eg. The ruler is as long as that one. He sings as well as Jack. He doesn’t sing as(so) well as Jack. 2. as much as, as many as 与…一样多 eg. I have done as much work as he did yesterday. You can take as many books as you can II. 比较级用法: 1. 比较级+than 比较级+and+比较级, 表示“越来越” eg. warmer and warmer, nicer and nicer, more and more beautiful, more and more fun the+比较级… the+ 比较级 eg. The more you read the book, the more interesting you found . 4. 比较级的修饰语有 : much, far, even, a little, a lot, a bit, rather, still, a great deal (大量) + adj./adv. 比较级 5. 当比较级后没有than, 而为of the two的结构,比较级前加the. eg. The taller of the two girls is Mary. 最高级用法: 1. 形容词最高级用于in, of 或among的结构中, 形容词最高级前+the eg I am the best of (among)the three. He is the thinnest boy in my class. 2. 副词最高级不需+the eg. Jim goes to bed latest in my family.) 2. 比较级和最高级互换(比较时要把自己排除在外。注意比较的范围) eg. Shanghai is the largest city in China. Shanghai is larger than any other city in China. Shanghai is larger than any city in Africa. IV. Others * Alice’s diet was less healthy than Danny’s diet. (不如) (more …than 胜于) This T-shirt is the same size as that one. The red shirt is five yuan cheaper than that blue one. Which is the least interesting film you’ve ever seen? This park is three times as big as the Summer Palace. (倍数+as This book cost twice as much as that one. 提高练习 1.I t

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