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公司税和债务政策回顾培训.ppt 60页

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Review Pre Mid-Term --> Debt vs. Equity overview Last Lecture (Ch 17) reintroduced these topics Now - We will begin to add real world complexities. Topics Covered Debt and Value in a Tax Free Economy Corporate Taxes and Debt Policy Cost of Financial Distress Explaining Financial Choices M&M (Debt Policy Doesn’t Matter) Modigliani & Miller When there are no taxes and capital markets function well, it makes no difference whether the firm borrows or individual shareholders borrow. Therefore, the market value of a company does not depend on its capital structure. M&M (Debt Policy Doesn’t Matter) Assumptions By issuing 1 security rather than 2, company diminishes investor choice. This does not reduce value if: Investors do not need choice, OR There are sufficient alternative securities Capital structure does not affect cash flows e.g... No taxes No bankruptcy costs No effect on management incentives C.S. & Corporate Taxes Financial Risk - Risk to shareholders resulting from the use of debt. Financial Leverage - Increase in the variability of shareholder returns that comes from the use of debt. Interest Tax Shield- Tax savings resulting from deductibility of interest payments. C.S. & Corporate Taxes Example - You own all the equity of Space Babies Diaper Co.. The company has no debt. The company’s annual cash flow is $1,000, before interest and taxes. The corporate tax rate is 40%. You have the option to exchange 1/2 of your equity position for 10% bonds with a face value of $1,000. Should you do this and why? C.S. & Corporate Taxes Example - You own all the equity of Space Babies Diaper Co.. The company has no debt. The company’s annual cash flow is $1,000, before interest and taxes. The corporate tax rate is 40%. You have the option to exchange 1/2 of your equity position for 10% bonds with a face value of $1,000. Should you do this and why? C.S. & Corporate Taxes Example - You own all the equity of Space Babies Diaper Co.. The company has no debt. The c

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