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初中英语倒装句复习.ppt 27页

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英语语法 倒装句 1、 倒装句之全部倒装。 全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般现在时和一般过去时。常见的结构有: (1)here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run。 There goes the bell. Then came the teacher. Here is your book. .  注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。 Here he comes.     Away they went. 2、 倒装句之部分倒装。 将Be动词,助动词或情态动词倒装至主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do, does,did,have,has,had并将其置于主语之前。 (1)句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, not until… 等。 Never have I seen such a nice pen. Not until the child fell asleep did the father leave the room.  当Not until引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。 2)、so, neither, nor作部分倒装。 表示"也"、"也不" 的句子要部分倒装。     Tom can speak French. So can Jack. If you won't go, neither will I. 结构 1.So+系动词(be)/助动词/情态动词+主语 ---Tom went to school by bike yesterday. ---So did Jim 2.neither/nor+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语。 ----He didn’t go to school. ----Neither/nor did she 注意:当so引出的句子用以对上文内容加以证实或肯定时,不可用倒装结构。意为 “的确如此”。 Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did. It’s raining hard.    So it is. 3)、only在句首要倒装的情况。 Only in this way, can you learn English well. Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting. 如果句子为主从复合句,则主句倒装,从句不倒装 。例如: Only when he is seriously ill, does he ever stay in bed. (2) Not until I began to work ___ how much time I had wasted.  A. didn‘t I realize   B. did I realize   C. I didn‘t realize  D. I realize 答案为B。 (3)Do you know Tom bought a new car? I don‘t know, ___. A. nor don’t I care  B. nor do I care  C. I don‘t care neither  D. I don't care also 解析:答案为B. 句中的nor引出部分倒装结构,表示 "也不"。由 so, neither, nor引导的倒装句,表示前一情况的重复出现。其中, so用于肯定句, 而 neither, nor 用在否定句中。 练习 1. Not until I began to work ____ how much time I had wasted. A. didn't I realize??? B. did I realize??? C. I didn't realize??? D. I realized 2. Only by practising a few hours every day ____ be able to master the language. A. you can??? B. can you??? C. you will??? D. will you 3. I

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