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(山东专用)2020届高考英语一轮复习专题三主旨大意课件.pptx 230页

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专题三 主旨大意;A组????山东省卷、课标Ⅰ卷题组 Group 1 Passage 1(2019课标全国Ⅰ,D)词数:370 During the rosy years of elementary school(小学), I enjoyed sharing my dolls and jokes, which al- lowed me to keep my high social status. I was the queen of the playground. Then came my tweens and teens, and mean girls and cool kids. They rose in the ranks not by being friendly but by smok- ing cigarettes, breaking rules and playing jokes on others, among whom I soon found myself. Popularity is a well-explored subject in social psychology. Mitch Prinstein, a professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories:the likable and the status seekers. The likables’ plays-well-with-others qualities strengthen schoolyard friendships, jump-start interpersonal skills and, when tapped early, are employed ever after in life and work. Then there’s the kind of popular- ity that appears in adolescence:status born of power and even dishonorable behavior.;Enviable as the cool kids may have seemed, Dr. Prinstein’s studies show unpleasant consequences. Those who were highest in status in high school, as well as those least liked in elementary school, are “most likely to engage(从事)in dangerous and risky behavior.” In one study, Dr. Prinstein examined the two types of popularity in 235 adolescents, scoring the least liked, the most liked and the highest in status based on student surveys(调查研究).“We found that the least well-liked teens had become more aggressive over time toward their class- mates. But so had those who were high in status. It clearly showed that while likability can lead to healthy adjustment, high status has just the opposite effect on us.” Dr. Prinstein has also found that the qualities that made the neighbors want you on a play date— sharing, kindness, openness—carry over to later years and make you better able to relate and con- nect with others. In analyzing his and other research, Dr. Prinstein came to another conclusion:Not only is likability related to positive life outcomes


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