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高中英语:名词性从句专题课件.ppt 24页

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LOGO His job is important. 主语 What he does is important This is his job. 表语 This is what he does every day I don’t like his job. 宾语 I don’t like what he does every day I don’t know about the man, Mr. White. 同位语 I don’t know about the fact that he is a teacher. 名词性从句的作用相当于名词,因此主语从句、表语从句 、宾语从句和同位语从句分别作主句的主语、表语、宾语和同位语。 LOGO The fact is that we have lost the game. 表语从句 I want to know what he has told you. 宾语从句 The news that we won the game is exciting. 同位语从句 Who will win the match is still unknown. 主语从句 LOGO 引导名词性从句的关联词: 从属连词 (不作成分) that, whether, if 连接代词 (作成分) what, who, whom, whose, which, wh+ever 连接副词 (作状语) when, where, how, why LOGO Subject Clauses主语从句: 1. That he will succeed is certain . 2.Whether he will go there is not known . 3. What he said is not true . 4. Where he hid the money is to be found out . 5. Whoever comes is welcome. LOGO 1)主语从句一律用陈述句语序,即主语在前,谓语在后. 例:When will he come is not known. 错 When he will come is not known. 对 2)连接词that在从句中无实际意义,但不能省略. 例: He will not come to the meeting this evening is true. 错 That he will not come to the meeting this evening is true. 对 注意点 LOGO 3)whoever, whatever, whichever等词可以引导主语从句, 但no matter who, no matter what 等不能. (whoever=the person who) Whoever breaks the school rules must be punished. 【Whoever breaks the schools rules】,he must be punished. 【No matter who breaks the school rules】, he must be punished. 让步状语从句 1.__________ was said here must be kept secret. 2._______ we need is more time. 3._______ has taken away my bag is unknown. Whatever What Who LOGO 4)it作形式主语(主从): it 作形式主语 1.他犯了那样一个错误真是遗憾。 ___________________________ is a pity . 2.他来不来不重要。 ________________________doesn’t matter. That he made such a mistake Whether he will come or not It is a pity that he made such a mistake. It doesn’t matter whether he will come or not. LOGO 1.【12全国】It is by no means clear?_______ the president can do to end the strike. A. how???B

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