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高中英语:定语从句课件.ppt 30页

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1.This is the park (that )we visited last year. This is the park where we held a birthday party. 2.She won’t forget the days (that )she spent on the island. She won’t forget the days when they stayed together. 关系副词when, where和关系代词that, which的区分。 同样是修饰一个地点,有时使用where,有时使用that/which;同样是修饰一个时间,有时使用when, 有时使用that/which。这主要看两点:一:先行词在从句中所作成分;二:是定语从句中的谓语动词是否是一个及物动词。 (1)This is the factory ________ I visited last year. (2)This is the factory _______ I worked last year. (3)This is the factory _______ produces all kinds of TV sets. 用关系副词和关系代词 where B. which C. whom D. whose 以上三个句子只有细微的差别,但答案却不同:做这种题时,要通过还原先行词,看先行词在定语从句中所充当的成分; 1)中是动宾关系,即I visited the factory.因此选which 2)中factory应在定语从句中作地点状语,即:I worked in the factory,因此选where。 3)中是作定语从句中的主语,即: the factory produces all kinds …不作地点状语,因此选which A B B (1)Hangzhou is the place ______ I went last summer. 2) He read the book ______ his sister had told him about. 3) The reason ______ Peter is so happy is that he passed the exam. 4) I remember the day ______ my father died. I was only ten years old at that time. 5) Please give me the reason ______ you were late this time. 6) I will go back to the place ______ I grew up and live there forever. Why/ for which where which/that/ x When/on which why Where/in which 二.关系代词前介词的确定 1.根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系,请体会: This is the car ____which I paid 100$. This is the car ____which I spent 100$. This is the car ____which I go to work every day. This is the car ______ which I can’t go to work. This is the car ____which the old man was knocked down This is the car ____which a boy threw a stone. This is the car ____which we talked . This is the car ____which the window was broken / for on in without by at about of 2. 根据从句中动词或形容词的习惯搭配,如: e.g. Can you explain to me how to use these idioms with which I’m not familiar. 3. 根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯,请体会: e.g. 1949 was the year in which the P.R.C. was founded. The book __________ I heard was written 20 years ago. The people __________ the man spoke weren’t liste

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