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高中英语五大句型讲解课件.ppt 32页

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. 高中英语 五大 基本句型 . 一、句子成分: ? 定义 : 构成句子的各个部分叫做句子成分。 ? 主要成分 : 主语和谓语 ? 其他成分 : 宾语、定语、状语、补足语(宾 补)、表语、同位语。 . 1. I met my best friend Tom at the station yesterday. ↓ 主 语 ↓ 谓 语 ↓ 定 语 ↓ 宾 语 ↓ 同 位 语 ↓ 状 语 . ㈠主语( subject ): 句子说明的人或事物 。 ? Jane is good at playing the piano. ? She went out in a hurry. ? To see is to believe. ? Smoking is bad for health. ? The young should respect the old. ? What he has said is true. . 找出句中主语 The sun rises in the east. (名词) He likes dancing. (代词) Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词) Seeing is believing. (动名词) To see is to believe. (不定式) What he needs is a book. (主语从句) It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree. ( It 形式主语,主语从句是真正主语) . ㈡谓语: 说明主语的动作、状态和特征。 ? 简单谓语 : 由动词或动词词组组成: ? I saw the flag on the top of the hill. ? He looked after two orphans. ? 复合谓语 : 由情态动词或助动词 + 动词 ; ? He can speak English well. ? He has caught a bad cold. ? She doesn ' t seem to like dancing. ? The little girl is drawing a picture. . (三)宾语 动作的对象或承受者 —— 及物动词或介词的宾语 宾语分为 直接宾语 和 间接宾语 . 直接宾语指物 , 间接宾语指人 . ? He gave me some books . 间接宾语 直接宾语 . ? Please pass me the book. ? He bought me some flowers. ? I like my job. ? I love you. ? He wanted to leave here . ? They enjoyed playing computer games . . (四)定语 ? 修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或从句 ? He is a clever boy. ? There are 67 students in our class. ? Do you known betty's sister? ? He bought some sleeping pills. ? There is a sleeping baby in bed. ? His spoken language is good. ? I met a friend on my way home . . ? (五)状语 修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子, 说明动作或状态特征的句子成分 . ? I will be back in a while . ? They are playing on the playground . ? He was late because he got up late . ? He got up so late that I missed the train . . ? I waited to see you . ? He often went to school by bus . ? His parents died, leaving him an orphan . ? Please call me if it is necessary . ? This book is very interesting. ? He went to school in spite of his illness . ? He always comes late to school. . (六)宾语补足语 ? 有些及物动词除了有一个直接宾语以外,还要有一个宾语 补足语,说明宾语的身份和状态以补充其意义

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