英语国概名词解释.docx 78页

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    英语国概名词解释 1. The?Thames?River The?Thames?River?is?the?second?largest?and?most?important?river?in Britain.?It?is?336?KM?long,?rising?in?southwest?England?and?flowing through?England?and?out?into?the?North?Sea.?It?flows?rather?slowly, which?is?very?favorable?for?water?transportation. 2.The?High?Landers They?are?the?Scots?who?live?in?the?mountainous?regions?of?the?Highlands in?Northern?Scotland.?They?are?a?proud,?independent?and?hardy?people who?maintain?their?strong?cultural?identity.?They?mainly?live?by farming?sheep?in?mountain?areas?or?fishing?on?the?coasts?and?islands. 3.The?British?Commonwealth?英联邦 The?British?Empire?was?replaced?by?the?British?Commonwealth?or?the Commonwealth?of?Nations?in?1931.It?is?a?free?association?of?independent countries?that?were?once?colonies?of?Britain.?Member?nations?are?joined together?economically?and?have?certain?trading?arrangements.?The Commonwealth?has?no?special?powers.?The?decision?to?become?a?member?of the?Commonwealth?is?left?to?each?member?nation.?At?present?there?are?50 members?counties?within?the?commonwealth (1991).是曾为英国殖民地,但现在已经独立构成的自由联合体。 4.Cockney?伦敦佬 A?cockney?is?a?Londoner?who?is?born?within?the?sound?of?Bow?Bells-the Bells?of?the?church?of?St.?Mary-LeBow?in?east?London 5.Eisteddfodau festivals?of?song?and?dance?and?poetry?celebrated?by?the?welsh?through the?year.?By?this?way?the?welsh?keep?the?welsh?language?and?welsh culture?alive. 6.The?Maritime?Climate?海洋性气候 The?type?of?climate?when?winter?is?mild,?not?too?cold?and?summer?is cool,?not?too?hot,?and?it?has?a?steady?reliable?rainfall?throughout?the whole?year. 7.The?English?Channel A?Channel?that?separates?Britain?from?the?rest?of?France?is?quite narrow.?A?channel?tunnel?under?this?channel?was?built?in?1994?to?join the?two?countries?together. 8.The?Chunnel?英吉利海峡隧道 In?1985?the?British?government?and?French?government?decided?to?build?a channel?tunnel,?which?is?called?“Chunnel”,?under?the?Straits?of Dover?so?that?England?and?France?could?be?joined?together?by?road.?Th

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