(完整word版)初中英语常见常考易混词用法辨析.doc 19页

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(完整word版)初中英语常见常考易混词用法辨析.doc

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    初中英语常见常考易混词用法辨析 七年级 1 besides , except, except for,but ( 1) besides包括后面所提及的人或物在内, “除、、、之外还(又)”。 Twenty-five students went to the cinema besides him. ( 2) except不包括后面所提及的人或物在内, “抛开、、、不谈”。 Twenty-five students went to the cinema except him. 3) except for 不包括后面所提及的人或物在内的“除了” ,后面跟的词与句子的主语不属于同类。 Your article is very good except for some mistakes. 4) but 常与 every,any,all,none,no以及它们与 thing ,body,where构成的复合词等连用。有的已经成为了惯用语, 如:all but“几乎,除、、、之外全部”,anything but “除、、、之外都”,nothing but“只不过是、、、”。 There is nothing but a cup on the table. 练习: 1)All the questions are easy _________the last one. 2)Do you think of nothing_____________watching football? 3)His composition is good __________for some mistakes. 4)He has many relatives_____________his uncle living in Shanghai. 5)Do you know any other language__________English? 2 reach , arrive in/at , get to 1) reach +地点,“到达”。 2) arrive in+大地方, arrive at+小地方,“抵达、达到某地(尤指行程的终点) ”。 3) get to+地点,“到达”。 ( 4)当 arrive in/at 和 get to 后面跟的是地点副词 here,there,home等,则省略介词 in/at/to。 5)当只表明“到了” ,而未表明地点时用 arrive。练习: 1)My sister________school at 7a.m every day. 2)Uncle Li __________New York the day before yesterday. 3)You can___________the railway station by bus. 4)My father_________at 8:00 this morning by airplane. 5)How did you______________home yesterday afternoon? 6)Do you how to___________there ? 7)I will tel you how to ____________here,so d not worry. 3 at the end of , in the end , by the end of ( 1) at the end of 指某段时间的结束或某段路程的终止处, “在、、、结束时”,“在、、、尽头”。 Our school held a sports meeting at the end of last term. At the end of this street you will find a bookshop. 2) in the end 相当于 at last ,finally,“最后, 终于”。 In the end they caught the thief. 3) by the end of 用于过去完成时或将来时, “到、、、末为止”。 By the end of last term we have learned five English songs. This question will have been answered by the end of today. 练习: 1)We will have an English exam _________________January. 2)I am sure everything will turn out satisfactory_______________. 3)________________the meeting,eve

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