人教新课标高一英语必修5课件:Unit 3 Life in the future Grammar.ppt 53页

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人教新课标高一英语必修5课件:Unit 3 Life in the future Grammar.ppt

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    Past participle used as adverbial and attribute 一. 过去分词的形式: done 二. 过去分词一般表示完成的、被动的动作。 三. 过去分词的作用: 做定语,表语,补足语,状语。 过去分词作状语 过去分词表完成、被动, 作状语时, 其逻辑主语是主句的主语, 且与主语之间存在着被动关系。过去分词作状语可表时间、原因、 让步、 结果、 方式、 条件等。 观察下列的句子: Once published, his works became famous for the absence of rhyme at the end of each line. = Once his works was published… 过去分词作时间状语 1. When it is heated, ice will be changed into water. When ______ (heat), ice will be changed into water. 2. When it is seen under a microscope, a fresh snowflake has a delicate six-pointed. ______ (see) under a microscope, a fresh snowflake has a delicate six-pointed shape. 过去分词作原因状语 1. Since/As she was given advice by the famous detective, the young lady was no longer afraid. ______ (give) advice by the famous detective, the young lady was no longer afraid. 2. Because it was done in a hurry, his homework was full of mistakes. ______ (do) in a hurry, his homework was full of mistakes. 过去分词作条件或者假设状语 1. If they had been given more attention, the cabbages could have grown better. ______ (give) more attention, the cabbages could have grown better. 2. If I am compared with you, we still have a long way to go. ________ (compare) with you, we still have a long way to go. 作方式或伴随情况状语 1. The hunter left his house, and he was followed by his dog. The hunter left his house, _______ (follow) by his dog. 2. She sat by the window, and she was lost in thought. She sat by the window, _____ (lose) in thought. lost 表示一种迷失心理状态 过去分词作状语: 过去分词有两大特点: 1. 表示被动的动作; 2. 表示已经完成的动作,因此,当过去分词作状语的时候一定要搞清楚分词与主语的逻辑关系--被动 Following the old man, we went upstairs. (跟着那个老人, 我们上去了) 2. Followed by the old man, we went upstairs. (被那个老人跟着, 我们上去了) 3. 从上面看,体育场好像一个鸟巢。 ____ from the top, the stadium looks like a bird nest. A. Seeing B. Seen 4. 从太空看,宇航员看不到长城。 ____ from the space, the astronaut can not discover the Great Wall. A. Seeing B. Seen 过去分词作状

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