初中英语语法中考教育总总结复习计划学习教案—定语从句.docx 10页

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初中英语语法中考教育总总结复习计划学习教案—定语从句.docx

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    初中英语语法中考总复习教案 —定语从句 Hanbo Culture Training Center Test Paper for Grade 9 初中英语语法中考总复习教案—定语从句 I like the music that I can sing along with. 先行词 定语从句 .定义:在复合句中,用来修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定语从句修饰的名词、代词叫先行词。定语从句放在先行词之后。 I like music that I can dance to. 先行词(物) ↘引导词 She is a girl ( who has long hair.) 先行词(人) ↘引导词 .引导词:关系代词: that , which, who, whom, whose 关系副词: where, why, when 关系代词 关系副词 that 指人 主语 when= 介词 + which 指物 宾语 (in/at/on) which 指物 主语 where=(in/ at 、、、 ) + which 宾语 who whom whose  指人 主语 指人 宾语 指人 在定从中作定语 指物 =of +which ① There are the twins who ______ in the next door. A. live B. lives C. lived ② A clock is a machine that ______ people the time. A. tell B. is telling C. tells 先行词 总结:㈠从句谓语动词的单复数与 _____________的单复数一致,(当引导词充当定语从句的主语时) ③ It is the thing ______ I like. A. that B. when C. why ④ She is a girl ______ studies well. A. whom B. where C. which ㈡ 判断找引导词是关系代词或关系副词,找出定语从句的主谓宾,看缺什么成分。 2/ 10 ⑤ I like the music _______ he writes. A. / B. who C. why ㈢ that 引导定语从句,充当定语从句的宾语时,可以省略。 三. That 与which 的区别: that 和 which 一般可互换,但下列情况只用 that 1. I ’ m sure she has something ______ you can borrow. A. that B. which ⑴ 先行词为: all, everything, nothing, something, anything, little, much, few 等不定代词时 I ’ ve realld the books that are not mine. 先行词被 all, every, no, some, any, little, much 等修饰时 This is the first book that he was read. ⑶先行词被序数词和最高级修饰时 4. This is the only book that belongs to him. ⑷先行词被 the only, the very, the same, the best, the last等修饰时 5. There are some books and a man that I have seen. ⑸先行词既有人也有物 Who is the girl ______ spoke to you just now? Which is the car ______ was made in China? A. that B. who C. which ⑹当主句 以 who或which 开头时,定语从句的引导词用 that, 不用 who或 which, 避免重复 that 不能用于介词后及表示所有的,和非限制性定语从句 四.其它的: Who is the man ______ I saw yesterday. who与that 都可指人,但前面有 who,后面只可用 that ⑵ This is the house in ______ he lives. A. that B. which C. who 先行词是物,且介词提前用 which The school (______ my father works) looks very beautiful. (my father works in the school) A. which B. in that C. in which I

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