初中英语被动语态复习(公开课).ppt 37页

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初中英语被动语态复习(公开课).ppt

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    B I _____________(not invite)to tomorrow’s wedding. Some fruits, buy, the man, yesterday Some fruits by the man yesterday. were bought * * Passive voice 被动语态基本用法 当句子的主语是动作的执行者时,谓语的形式是主动语态。当句子的主语是动作的承受者时,谓语要用被动语态。被动语态由助动词be+过去分词构成,时态通过be表现出来。 被动语态的基本结构: be + PP(过去分词) 有各种时态的变化 1)be 动词可以随时态人称的变化而变化 一般现在时: 一般过去时: 一般将来时: 现在完成时: 情态动词: am/ is / are + V(过去分词) was/ were+ V(过去分词) will be + V(过去分词) have/ has + been + V(过分分词) 情态动词+ be + V (过去分词) He plants trees in spring. 主 谓 宾(受动者) Trees are planted by him 改为被动语态 in spring. 主动语态变被动语态口诀 宾语提前主语变, 原主变宾by后见, 时态人称be关键。 1.They make shoes in that factory. 主语+及物动词+宾语 Shoes are made (by them) in that factory. 一般现在时: S(主语)+am/is /are +过去分词 2. They bought ten computers last term. Ten computers were bought (by them) last term. 一般过去时:S+was/were +过去分词 3.They will finish the work in ten days. The work will be finished (by them) in ten days. 一般将来时: S+ will+be+过去分词 4.We have made twenty more keys. Twenty more keys have been made by us. 现在完成时: S+ have/has + been+过去分词 5.Amy can take good care of the cat . The cat can be taken good care of by Amy. 情态动词: S+ can/may/must/should + be+过去分词 何时使用被动语态呢? 一、行为主体不明确,不必说出或者无法说出动作的执行者时。例如: Football is played all over the world. 二、不易找到或根本就不可能找到动作的执行者时。例如: My bike was stolen.我的自行车被盗了。 三、汉语中含有“据说”、“据悉”、“有人说”、“大家说”等时。例如: It is said that one day he climbed to the top of a house and …… It was reported that her mother died of SARS. 众所周知… … It is well known that … 据推测说… … It is supposed that … 四、汉语中含有“被”、“由”等词时。例如: Tina is asked to come by Paul. Tina是被Paul叫来的。 五、某些句子习惯上用被动语态。例如: He was born in October,1989. 短语动词变被动语态,后面的介词不能丢 take care of →be taken care of look after →be looked after cut down →be cut down laugh at →be laughed at speak to →be spoken to listen to →be listened to 请注意: feel, taste, smell, sound(感官动词),happen, take place, last, di

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