状语从句及练习.doc

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PAGE PAGE 11 英语语法 状语从句 定义:在复合句中作状语的从句 功能:状语从句在主从复合句中修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词,或整个主句 分类:按意义可分为时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、条件、方式、比较、让步等状语从句。从句的位置放在句首,也可放在句末。放在句首时,从句后面常用一个逗号,放在句末时,从句前一般不用逗号。 一、时间状语从句 when, while, as, before, after, since, until (till) , once , as soon as, the moment, the minute, immediately, directly, each/every time, the first time, the last time, next time, by the time, whenever等。 Every/Each time I was in trouble, he would come to my help. I thought her nice and honest the first time I met her. A. when, while, as, whenever 1.when 1)when表示点时间时,从句中用短暂性动词;表示段时间时,用持续性动词。 When I got home, my family were already having dinner.(when表示点时间) When they were still talking and laughing, the teacher came in.(when表示段时间) He waved hello when he saw her.(when表示点时间) When you think you know nothing, you begin to know something.(when表示段时间) 【注意】当when意思是正当……时候(and at that moment)时,when只能跟在前一分句之后。 He was about to go to bed when the doorbell rang. / They were watching the World Cup when suddenly the lights went out. / They had just arrived home when it began to rain. 2)有时when表示虽然,尽管的含义,相当于although或since。 He walks when he might take a taxi. / How can you hope for mercy yourself when you show none? 3) 其它用法: 并列连词when常用与以下句型中, when只能跟在前一分句之后。 ①…was/were doing…when(suddenly)…(正在做…突然) ②…was/were about to do…when…(刚要做…突然) ③…was/were on the point of doing…when…(刚要做…突然) ④…had just done…when….(刚一…就) ⑤Hardly/Scarcely had…done…when…(刚一…就)? He was about to go to bed when the doorbell rang.? / They were watching the World Cup when suddenly the lights went out.? / They had just arrived home when it began to rain.? / Hardly had I stood up when he said hello to me. *如果when引导的时间状语从句的主语与主句主语相同, 而从句的谓语又是be动词时, 那么从句中的主语和be可以省略:When (you are) in trouble, ask her for help. *当when引导的时间状语从句的主语与主句主语相同时,往往还可以用“when+分词”的形式替代该状语从句。When I came into the room(=When coming into the room), I found him lying there asleep. 2.while 1)while通常表示一段时间,从句中宜用持续性动词作谓语。 Strike while the iron is hot. / She fell asleep

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