医学院研究生英语读与写(第三版)卢凤香习题答案课本译文及分析.pdf

医学院研究生英语读与写(第三版)卢凤香习题答案课本译文及分析.pdf

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Unit 1 1. Background Information to Text A 1) Introduction to the author Hippocrates was a Greek physician born in 460 BC on the island of Cos, Greece. He became known as the founder of medicine and is regarded as the greatest physician of his time. He based his medical practice on observations and on the study of the human body. He held the belief that illness has a physical as well as a rational explanation. He rejected the common view of his time that considered illness to be caused by superstitions, possession by evil spirits and disfavor from the gods. Hippocrates held the belief that the body must be treated as a whole and not just a series of parts. He accurately described disease symptoms and was the first physician to accurately describe the symptoms of pneumonia, as well as child epilepsy. He believed in the natural healing process of rest, a good diet, fresh air and cleanliness. He noted that there were individual differences in the severity of disease symptoms and that some individuals were better able to cope with their disease and illness than others. He was also the first physician that held the belief that thoughts, ideas, and feelings come from the brain and not the heart as others of his time believed. Hippocrates traveled throughout Greece practicing his medicine. He founded a medical school on the island of Cos, Greece and began teaching his ideas. He soon developed an Oath of Medical Ethics for physicians to follow. This Oath is taken by physicians today as they begin their medical practice. He died in 377 BC. Today Hippocrates is known as the “Father of Medicine.” 2) Introduction to the topic This oath, the oldest and best-known expression of a medical ethic, was for centuries regarded as the guide for proper medical conduct. Although the accompli

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