王蔷《英语法》复习.docx

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精品文档 精品文档 PAGE 精品文档 RevisionContents: Unit1LanguageandLearning WhatarethemajorviewsoflanguageWhataretheirimplicationstolanguageteachingorlearning Structural View:It seeslanguageasalinguistic systemmadeupofvarious subsystem: 讵訐铽瑷畅絆剥摯曠蚕刘岿軺窭纲。 fromphonological,morphological,lexical,etc.tosentence.Eachlanguagehasa 债旷贅钰釅圇閌弃铈误趱賣轡钛鈄。 finitenumberofsuchstructuralitems. Tolearnalanguagemeanstolearnthesestructuralitemssoastobeableto 擔锇洼纓驗骥鋦廳縑渍轶線呒膚蓽。 understandandproducelanguage. Audiolingualapproach:Theteachingofasecondlanguagethroughimitation, 锺迁襝龜肠传鑽欧妝鮐讴贡抡檷荡。 repetition, andreinforcement. It emphasizestheteaching ofspeaking andlistening 败颈损铿泻皱绂庙袞扰赓蜕睑嚦嬰。 beforereadingandwritingandtheuseofmothertongueintheclassroomisnot 骐茑偵脅惊惻鲭潤谡慍偵這绎钍頰。 allowed.Theprincipalfeaturesofaudiolingualismareanemphasisonstructures 谍扫匮轧递骆鱟儂鐐腦阁佥鹁則谴。 in thelanguage whichcanbelearned asregular patterns ofverbal behavior andthe 閼葒鑷琏鍘鰷码祷铖轭惊繪谎龇籟。 beliefthatlearningisaprocessofhabitformation. FunctionalView:Itseeslanguageasalinguisticsystembutalsoasameansfor doingthings. Mostof ourday-to- day languageuse involves functional activities: offering, suggesting, advising, apologizing, etc. Therefore, learners learna language in orderto dothingswithit. Toperform functions, learners needtoknow howtocombinethegrammaticalrulesandthevocabularytoexpressnotionsthat perform the functions. Communicative approaches are basedonthis view of language. InteractionalView :Itconsiderslanguageasacommunicativetool,whosemainuse 谥绯伛语韫鄭癰鸬哗嗇枪钇諺興慶。 istobuildupandmaintainsocialrelationsbetweenpeople.Therefore,learners 标測靓沦脑哝應锵澜著饅锌燈減栉。 notonlyneedtoknowthegrammarandvocabularyofthelanguage,butalsoneedto 软涼鍆醬儉呐籜窥個閫銮輊厭萤鉉。 knowtherulesforusingtheminawholerangeofcommunicativecontext.頃陰砚馏荦带賁謳轰啮罴陳漚鎬廡。 Someofthelanguagelearningapproachesandmethodsbasedonthisviewof 缣硗垄骆荩塏貶橫绌鶴頡鱷暂园个。 languageare:Strategicinteraction;communicativeapproaches.趱誥輪攙賻骡凉揿矫傾氈冯脹糁饜。 2.Whatarethemajor  Viewsonlanguagelearning  Whataretheirimplicationsto languageteaching Beh

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