2004年职称英语等级考试试题答案及题解理工类(a级)4.docx

2004年职称英语等级考试试题答案及题解理工类(a级)4.docx

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2004 年职称英语等级考试试题答案及题解 理工类 (A 级 )4 第4部分:阅读理解(第31?45题,每题3分,共45分) 下面有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 道题,每道题后面有 4 个选项 请根据文章的内容, 从每题所给的 4 个选项中选择 1 个答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置 上。 第一篇 Technology Transfer in Germany When it comes to translating basic research into industrial success . few nations can match Germany .Since the 1 940s .the nation's vast industrial base has been fed with a constant stream of new ideas and expertise from science . And though German prosperity( 繁荣)has faltered(衰 退 1 over the past decade because of the huge cost of unifying east and west as well as the global economic decline , it still has an enviable( 令人羡慕的 )record for turning ideas into profit . Much of the reason for that success is the Fraunhofer Society , a network of research institutes that exists solely to solve industrial problems and create sought . after technologies .But today the Fraunhofer institutes have competition .Universities are taking an ever larger role in technology transfer , and technology parks are springing up all over .These efforts are being complemented by the federal programmes for pumping money into start-up companies . Such a strategy may sound like a recipe for economic success . but it is not without its critics . These people worry that favouring applied research will mean neglecting basic science , eventually starving industry of flesh ideas .If every scientist starts thinking like an entrepreneur (企业家),the argument goes , then the traditional principles of university research being curiosity .driven , flee and widely available will Suffer .Others claim that many of the programmes to promote technology transfer are a waste of money because half the small businesses that are promoted are bound to go bankrupt within a few years . 弋 mile this debate continues . new ideas flow at a steady rate from Germany's research networks ,which bear famous names such as Helmholtz Max Planck and Leibniz .Yet it is the fourth network ,the Fraunhofer Society ,that plays the greatest role in technology trans

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