05年职称英语考试卫生类(b级)试题5.docx

05年职称英语考试卫生类(b级)试题5.docx

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05 年职称英语考试卫生类 (B 级 )试题 5 第4部分:阅读理解(第31?45题,每题3分,共45分) 下面有 3 篇短文, 每篇短文后有 5 道题, 每道题后面有 4 个 选项。请根据文章的内容从每题所给的 4 个选项中选择 1 个答案,涂 在答题卡相应的位置上。 第一篇 Exercise Lowers Employers'Health Costs Companies can save millions in health-care costs simply by encouraging their employees to exercise a little bit , researchers reported on Friday . They said obese( 肥胖的 )employees had higher health-care costs , but lowered those expenses by exercising just a couple of times a week-without even losing any weight . Feifei Wang and colleagues at the University of Michigan studied 23 , 500 workers at General Motors . They estimated that getting the most sedentary( 惯于久 坐的 )obese workers to exercise would have saved about$790 , 000 a year , or about 1 .5 percent of health-care costs for the whole group. Company-wide . the potential savings could reach$7 1 million per year , they reported in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Of the whole group of workers .about 30 percent were of normal weight ,45 percent were overweight( 超重的 ) ,and 25 percent were obese .Annual health-care costs averaged$2 ,200 for normal weight ,$2 ,400 for the overweight ,and$2 ,700 for obese employees . But among workers who did no exercise , health-care costs went up by at least$100 a year ,and were$3 .000 a year for obese employees who were sedentary But adding two or more days of light exercise--at least 20 minutes of exercise or work hard enough to increase heart rate and breathing--lowered costs by on average$500 per employee a year , the researchers found. "This indicates that physical activity behavior could reduce at least some of the harmful effects of excess body fat , and in consequence ,help lower the health-care costs , "Wang and colleagues wrote . How can employees help lower the health-care costs? A By taking more rest B By eating less . C By exercising a little bit . D By saving more money . By encouraging its employees to exercise General Motors could save A$790 ,000 per year . B $7.1 milli

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