初中被动语态课件.ppt

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* 3.I saw him play basketball last Sunday. - __ ______ __ ______________ ________. 4.I saw him go into the office building. - ____ ________ __ ____________________. He play basketball to is seen last Sunday go into the office building was seen He to 5.The boss made him work all day. - ___ _________ __ _____ ___ ______ ________ . 6.His mother made him finish his homework - ___ _________ ___ ________________ _____ _________ . by was made He the boss work all day to by was made He finish his homework his mother to 7.The little boy _____ by the big sound this morning. A was made to cry B was made cry C made to cry D made cry 5、含宾语补足语的被动语态 在一感____ 二听________ 、 _____ 三让___、 ______、 _____ 四看____ 、_____、 ______、_____ 这十大动词后跟不带to的不定式作宾语补足语,但改成被动语态时,必需带to,以便隔开两个动词。 feel listen to hear let make have see watch notice look 1.We planted the tree. 2.The tree was planted by us. 英语动词有两种语态: _____语态和_____语态 (一)、定义: 1. 主动语态:主语是动作的_______。 主语和谓语之间是_____关系。 2. 被动语态表示主语是动作的_______。 主语和谓语之间是______关系。 主动 被动 执行者 承受者 主动 被动 抄笔记 be + __________ (二)被动语态的结构: 过去分词 be 有______、____和______的的变化 数 人称 时态 by We like him He is liked 主格 把主动语态的_____变为被动语态的 ______。(如果是宾格要变成 _____ 。) us. 把主动语态的谓语动词变为 ___+_________________形式,并根据主语判 断be的单复数和时态. 动词的过去分词 be 把主动语态的主语改成by短语 ① by短语可以省略。 ② by+名词或代词的____格形式。 宾 主语 宾语 (三)主动语态变被动语态的方法 1.找主语— 2.改谓语— 3.改by短语— 4、带双宾语的句子的被动语态 常见的后接双宾语的动词有: to: give...to, teach...to; 改为:__________,____________ for: make...for, buy...for 改为:_______________,_______________ 带双宾语的句子变被动语态有两种变法: ①用“人”当主语时,_________照抄下来。 ②用“物”当主语时,在保留的间接宾语(人)前必须加____或____. 加_____或_____由前面的动词决定。 直接宾语 to for to for be given to be taught to be made for be bought for 1.He gave me a book. - __ ________ ______ _______.(以I做主语) - __

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