高考英语语法复习动词时态和语态湘西州民族中学秦文鹏-资料.ppt

高考英语语法复习动词时态和语态湘西州民族中学秦文鹏-资料.ppt

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高考英语语法复习课件 动词时态和语态 湘西州民族中学 秦文鹏 ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;1. I read a book last month. ;;;;;;;1.[2019·上海卷] The church tower which ________ will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished. A. has restored B. has been restored C. is restoring D. is being restored 【解析】 D 本题考查被动语态。restore意为“修复”,而最后一句表明工程还未完成,因此为正在修复中,选D。;2.[2009·北京卷] John was given the same suitcase his father and grandfather________ with them to school. A. took B. had taken C. were taking D. would take 【答案】 B 3.[2009·辽宁卷] Excuse me, Marcia, a reporter from Vanity Fair________ all day. Could you speak to her now? A. phones B. has phoned C. has been phoning D. phoned 【解析】 C 考查现在完成进行时。由all day可以看出一直在打电话,此时仍然在打,过去发生的动作持续到现在并仍在进行,选C。;4.[2009·天津卷] My parents ________ in Hong Kong. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. A. live B. lived C. were living D. will live 【解析】 A 考查时态。后句意思为:他们出生在香港,从来没有在别的地方住过。由此可知前句“一直在香港住”,时态用一般现在时,说明事实,选A。;5. —Hi, Lucy, you look tired. —I'm really tired. I ________the living room all day. A.painted B.had painted C.have been painting D.have been painted 【解析】 C 表示我一整天都在刷房子,应该用现在完成进行时。; 6.[2009·上海卷] During the period of recent terrorist activities, people ______not to touch any unattended bag. A. had always been warned B. were always being warned C. are always warning D. always warned 【解析】 B 根据时间状语可知是指过去,be always doing sth.表示“一种感情色彩”,并且人们与警告之间是被动的关系,选B。 ; 7.He________ football regularly for many years when he was young. A. was playing B. played C. has played D. had played 【解析】 B 考查考生对题干中句子含义的理解以及对动词时态的掌握情况。由题干中的“for many years”很多同学推断出应为现在完成时,但“when he was young”这个时间状语表明他打球是过去时,未持续到现在。由“regularly” 可知他过去经常打球,是一种过去的习惯性的动作,选B。; 8.[2019·全国卷Ⅱ] Linda,make sure the tables ________ before the guests arrive. A. be set B. set C. are set D. are setting 【解析】 C 考查动词时态语态。make sure意为“确信,确保”,set tables意为“摆放桌

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