高考总复习英语语法专项训练十一-PPT精选.ppt

高考总复习英语语法专项训练十一-PPT精选.ppt

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语法专项训练(十一) ——连词与并列句; 考点一 并列连词 1.并列连词可以连接两个对等的(或平行的)词、短语或句子, 常用的并列连词有: (1) 表示联合: and (同, 和), when (=and just at this time就在这时), ;not only...but (also) ... (不仅……而且……), neither...nor... (既不……也不……). (2) 表示选择: or (或者, 否则), otherwise (否则), or else (否则), either...or (不是……就是);(3) 表示转折: but (但是, 可是, 只是因为), yet (可是), not...but... (不是……而是……), while (而, 却) (4) 表示因果: for (因为) 和so (所以, 因此) 2.说明: when表示“就在此时”时, 主要用于;was/were doing sth.when sth./ sb.did; was/were about to do sth.when sth./ sb.did; was/were on the point of doing sth.when sth./ sb.did等句型中, 表示“当某人或某物正在或正要做某事, 就在这时突然又发生了另一件事”. ;3.注意点: (1) so不与because连用. (2) but, while不与although连用, 但yet, still可与although连用. (3) not only ...but also ...连接两个句子时, 前一分句用部分倒装. ;考点二 并列句的用法 并列句的构成: 简单句+并列连接词+简单句 并列连词的种类及用法: 1.联合连词 (1)and;Mary and Lily are both interested in collecting stamps. 玛丽和莉莉都喜欢集邮. The teacher and writer is interested in collecting stamps. 那位老师兼作家喜欢集邮. ;(2)both...and Both you and I have changed a lot in the past twenty years. 我们俩在过去二十年中改变很大. (3)not only...but also Not only you but also I am to blame. 不但怪你, 也怪我. (谓语动词和最近主语一致);(4)as well as You as well as I are supposed to respect the old. 你和我一样都得尊敬长辈. (谓语动词和第一个主语一致) (5)never...but (除了……不会) It never rains but it pours. 不下则已, 一下倾盆. (祸不单行) ;2.转折连词 (1)but The situation looked desperate, but they didn’t give up hope. 形势看起来十分危急, 但他们并没有放弃希望. ;(2)while He is fat while his sister is thin.他胖 而他的姐姐瘦. (3)however, nevertheless, yet, still She always tells lies, nevertheless, I still trust her. 她经常说谎, 然而我还是信任她. ;I think he wanted to speak, but I did not hear. 我认为他想说话, 但我没有听到. It’s a small car, yet it’s surprisingly spacious. 那是辆小汽车, 可是空间非常宽敞. ;(4)not...but The teacher didn’t scold him, but comforted him. 老师不但没有责备他, 反而安慰他. 3.选择连词 (1)or;Do you want to leave now or would you rather set off later? 你想现在动身还是晚点出发? (2)or, otherwise You will have to go now, or/otherwise you will miss the bus. 你得走了, 否则会赶不上车. ;(3)neither...nor The equipment is neither accurate nor s

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