一般现在时变否定句地规则.doc

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word word PAGE / NUMPAGES word 一般现在时变否认句的规如此. ? ??? (a)? 含有 am is are 的句子,变否认句时, ?????????? ?只需在am is are 后加not. ????????????? 例1 This is a book. ???????????????????? 否认句 This is not a book . ????????????? 例2 I am a teacher . ??????????????????? 否认句I am not a teacher . ????????????? 例3 These are pens . ?????????????????? 否认句These are not pens . ????(b) 含有实义动词的句子,变否认句分两步。 ???????〔1〕如果主语是第三人称单数时,要在实义动词前加doesn't,后面的动词用原形。 ?????????????? ? 例1 He eats an apple. ????????????????????? ??否认句 He doesn't eat an apple. ? ???????????????? ?例2 Jim does his homework. ?????????????????????? ?否认句 Jim doesn't do his homework. ????????????????? 例3 Marry goes to school. ??????????????????? ?? 否认句Marry doesn't go to school. ???????? ? (2) 如果主语不是第三人称单数时,只 需在实义动词前加don't. ???????????????? 例1 I teach English. ?????????????????????? 否认句 I don't teach English. ???????????????? 例2 They go to school. ????????????????????? 否认句 They don't go to school.? ???????????????? 例3 We sing a song. ????????????????????? 否认句 We don't sing a song. ????????(c) 含有情态动词的句子,变否认句时, 只需在情态动词后加not. ?????????????????例1 I can dance. ?????????????????????? 否认句 I can not dance. ????????????????????? ?或 I can't dance.? ???????????????? 例2 They can speak English. ?????????????????????? 否认句 ?They can not speak English. ?????????????????????? 或 They can't speak English. ???????????????? 例3 He must go home.? ???????????????????? ? 否认句? He must not go home. ????????????????????? ?或 He mustn't go home. ???????????????? 例4 He? must? be? on? the? playground. ?????????????????????? He can? not be on? the? playground. ??????????????????? ?? 析:当must? be用来表示推测,有“一定〞的含义时, ???????????????????????????? 否认式要用can? not. ?????????????? ? 例5 You must say something at the mecting. ????? ?????????????? ????You needn’t say anything at the mecting. ???????????????? ??? ??析:当“must+行为动词〞用来表示“必须〞的含义时, ??????????????????? ? 其否认式可用needn’t 或mustn't表示“不需要〞,“不必〞, ???????????????????? ?语气委婉,must? not表示“禁止〞,“千万别〞语气生硬。 ????????????? ?

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