四级阅读理解模拟练习试题及答案.docx

四级阅读理解模拟练习试题及答案.docx

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四级阅读理解模拟练习试题及答案 2017年四级阅读理解模拟练习试题及答案 Treesshouldonlybeprunedwhenthereisagoodandclearreasonfordoingsoand,fortunately,thenumberofsuchreasonsissmall.Pruninginvolvesthecuttingawayofobergrownandunwantedbranches,andtheinexperiencedgardenercanbeencouragedbythethoughtthatmoredamageresultsfromdoingitunnecessarilythanfromleavingthetreetogrowinitsownway. First,pruningmaybedonetomakesurethattreeshaveadesiredshapeorsize.Theobjectmaybetogetatreeoftherightheight,andatthesametimetohelpthegrowthofsmallsidebrancheswhichwillthickenitsappearanceorgiveitaspecialshape.Secondly,pruningmaybedonetomakethetreehealthier.Youmaycutdiseaedordeadwood,orbranchesthatarerubbingagainsteachotherandthuscausewounds.Thehealthofatreemaybeencouragedbyremovingbranchesthatareblockingupthecentreandsopreventingthefreemovementofair. Oneresultofpruningisthatanopenwoundisleftonthetreeandthisprovidesaneasyentryfordisease,butitisawoundthatwillheal.Oftenthereisaracebetweenthehealingandthedeseaseastowhetherthetreewillliveordie,sothatthereisaperiodwhenthetreeisatrisk.Itshouldbetheaimofeverygardenertoreducewhichhasbeenprunedsmoothandclean,forhealingwillbesloweddownbyroughness.Youshouldallowthecutsurfacetodryforafewhursandthenpaintitwithoneofthesubstancesavailablefromgardenshopsproducedespeciallyforthispurpose.Pruningisusuallywithoutinterferencefromtheleavesandalsoitisveryunlikelythatthecutsyumakewillbleed.Ifthisdoeshappen,itis,ofcourse,impossibletopaintthemproperly. 1.Pruningshouldbedoneto______. a.makethetreegrowtaller b.improvetheshapeofthetree c.getridofthesmallbranches d.makethesmallbranchesthicker 2.Treesbecomeunhealthyifthegardener______. a.allowstoomanybranchestogrowinthemiddle b.doesnotprotectthemfromwind c.forcesthemtogrowtooquickly d.damagessomeofthesmallsidebranches 3.Whyisaspecialsubstancepaintedonthetree? a.Tomakeawoundsmooth b.Topreventdiseaseenteringawound c.Tocoveraroughsurface d.Tohelpawoundtodry 4.Agoodgardenerprunesatree______. a.atintervalsthroughouttheyear b.asquicklyaspossible c.occasionallywhen

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