2016年高考英语试题解析(全国Ⅰ卷).pdf

2016年高考英语试题解析(全国Ⅰ卷).pdf

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2016年全国 卷高考英语试题解析Ⅰ 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) A Youprobably know who Marie Curie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladies listed below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years? JaneAddams(1860-1935) Anyonewhohas everbeenhelpedby asocialworkerhas JaneAddamstothank.Addans helpedthe poor and worked forpeace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addamsbecame the first American womantowintheNobelPeacePrize. RachelCarson(1907-1964) Ifitweren’tforRachelCarson,theenvironmentalmovementmightnotexisttoday.Herpopular 1962 book SilentSpringraisedawarenessofthedangersofpollutionandtheharmful effectsofchemicals onhumansandontheworld’s lakesandoceans. Sandr DayO’Connor(1930-present) When Sandr Day O’Connor finished third inher class at StanfordLaw School,in 1952,shecould notfindworkat lawfirmbecauseshewas woman. ShebecameanArizon statesenator(参议员) and,in 1981,thefirstwomantojoin the U.S. SupremeCourt.O’Connorgavethedecidingvotein manyimportantcasesduringher24yearsonthetopcourt. Ros Parks(1913-2005) OnDecember 1,1955,inMontgomery,Alabama,Ras Parkswouldnot giveupher seaton busto passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set lff the Montgmery bus boycott. It lasted for more than year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tiredlrgivingin,”saidParks. 21.WhatisjaneAddamsnotedforinhistory? A.Hersocialwork. B.Herlackofpropertraininginlaw. C.Hereffortstowin prize. D.Hercommunitybackground. 22.WhatisthereasonforO’Connor’sbeingrejectedbythelawfirm? A.Herlac ofpropertraininginlaw. B.Herlittlewor experienceincourt. C.Thediscriminationagainstwomen. D.Thepoorfinancialconditions. 23.Whomadeagreatcontributiontothecivil-rightsmovementintheUS? A.JaneAddams. B.RachelCarson. C.SandraDayO’Connor. 24.Wh

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