1989-2011年美国数学建模竞赛特等奖历年题目.pdf

1989-2011年美国数学建模竞赛特等奖历年题目.pdf

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2000 Mathematical Contest ing The Problems Problem A: Air traffic Control Problem B: Radio Channel Assignments Problem A Air traffic Control Dedicated to the memory of Dr. Robert Machol, former chief scientist of the Federal Aviation Agency To improve safety and reduce air traffic controller workload, the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) is considering adding software to the air traffic control system t would automatically detect potential aircraft flight path s and alert the controller. To t end, an ys the FAA has ed the following problems. Requirement A: Given two airplanes flying in space, when should the air traffic controller consider the objects to be too close and to require ervention? Requirement B: An airspa ector is the section of three-dimen al airspace t one air traffic controller controls. Given any airspa ector, how do we measure how complex it is from an air traffic worklo erspective? To what extent is complexity determined by the number of aircraft simultaneously passing through t sector (1) at any one instant? (2) during any given erval of time?(3) during a particular time of day? How does the number of potential s arising during those periods affect complexity? Does the presence of additional software tools to automatically predict s and alert the controller reduce or add to this complexity? In addition to the guidelines for your report, write a summary (no more n two pages) t the FAA yst can present to Jane Garvey, the FAA Administrator, to defend your s. 问题A: 空间交通 为加强安全并减少空 通指挥员的工作量, 航空局(FAA)考虑对空 通 系统添 加 ,以便自动探测飞行器飞行路线可能的 ,并提醒指挥员。为完成此项工作,FAA 的分析员提出了下列问题。 要求A: 对于给定的两 中飞行的飞机,空 通指挥员应在什么时候把该目标视为太靠 近,并予以干预。 要求B: 空间扇形是指某个空 通指挥员所控制的三 部分。给定任意一个空间扇形, 怎样从空 通工作量的方位来估量它是否复杂?当几个飞行器同时通过该扇形时,在 下面情形所确定的复

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