同位语从句讲解PPT课件.pptx

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同位语从句讲解第1页,共26页。What kind of noun clauses are they?What it was to become was a mystery.2. I don’t know who will help Henry to win the bet.3. His trouble is that he doesn’t know anybody in London.4. The fact that ships can go there surprises many people.名词性从句第2页,共26页。Lead-inMr. Liu, our Chinese teacher, is a charming gentleman. 同位语(appositive )The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting.同位语从句(appositive clause)第3页,共26页。主语从句宾语从句表语从句同位语从句 名词性从句 主语从句宾语从句表语从句同位语从句主语从句在句中做------ 宾语从句在句中做------表语从句在句中做------ 同位语从句在句中----- 主语宾语表语同位语1. That he will come is certain. 2. I know that he will come.3. The truth is that I have been there.4. The fact that she was late surprised us.第4页,共26页。 注意: 用 it 作形式主语的that- 从句有以下几组:a. It + be +形容词+ that-从句 It is necessary that…    有必要…… It is important that…    重要的是…… It is obvious that…     很明显……b. It + be + -ed 分词+ that-从句 It is believed that…      人们相信…… It is known to all that…    从所周知…… It has been decided that…   已决定…… c. It + be +名词+ that-从句 It is common knowledge that…  ……是常识 It is a surprise that…   令人惊奇的是…… It is a fact that…     事实是……d. It +不及物动词+ that-从句 It appears that…       似乎…… It happens that…       碰巧…… It occurred to me that…   我突然想起…… 第5页,共26页。1. It is well known that a big earthquake struck Japan on 11, March.2. The reason why it happened is that the continents are moving.3. What surprised me most was that a large number of cars were washed away by the water.4. A large number of people were homeless, and I have no idea whether they can rebuild their home.5. The news that our country has offered help makes me proud.6. I think it our duty to do what we can (do) to help them.第6页,共26页。 同位语从句1.概念:在复合句中作_________的同位语的名词性从句。2.功能:同位语从句对该抽象名词进一步解释,说明名词的_____________。3.用法: 常跟同位语从句的抽象名词有:抽象名词事实,真相具体内容事实 理由想法fact_____/ idea_____ /reason _____ /thought_____ /doubt_____/news_____/hope______/belief_______/message______/decision ______ / warning_____/information__

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