(2.3)--2.3Representationofintegers二十四式中华太极功.pdf

(2.3)--2.3Representationofintegers二十四式中华太极功.pdf

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Representation of integers 2.3 Representation of integers Integer includes positive integers 1, 2, 3, ..., n, ..., 0 (zero), as well as negative integers -1, -2, -3, ..., -n, ..., where n is an integer. In computers, binary numbers are used to represent integers in two forms: unsigned (unsigned integers) and signed (signed integers). Unsigned integers can only represent positive integers and 0. Signed integers can be used to represent positive integers, 0, and negative integers. 2.3 Representation of integers Representation of unsigned integer The encoding of an unsigned integer is the same as its value. Therefore, an unsigned integer can only represent positive integers and 0. Eg1 Assuming that the binary numberrepresents an unsigned integer, then what's the value of the unsigned integer it represented? Solution:(binary) =0 ×27+1 ×26+0 ×25+0 ×24+1 ×23+0 ×22+1 ×21+1 ×20 =0+64+0+0+8+0+2+1=75 Therefore, binary numberrepresents unsigned integer 75. 2.3 Representation of integers Representation of signed integer 1. Sign-magnitude representation Its thinking is to digitize the sign of a number. For n-bit signed integers, use the most significant bit (MSB) to represent its sign: Positive numbers take 0, and negative numbers take 1.The remaining (n-1) digits are numeric digits, where the absolute value of the number is stored. If the absolute value is fewer than n-1 digits, make up with 0. Assume that x = + 1011011, y = -1011011, and z = -10110 (= -0010110), write out the Eg2 8-bit binary form of x, y, and z using sign-magnitude representation.

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