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专升转本 英语语法.doc 44页

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专转本基础班语法 看到他就令我生气。 他住哪里仍不确定。 他不读书令我生气。 向他求救是没有用的。 She turned beautiful. He seems knowing it. Things have got good. I feel like to take a walk today. It sounds a good idea. He look careful into the case. He is worried about if he can pass the exam. My money was robbed. He demanded me little. He introduced me the girl. He is washing the car. His job is washing cars. 第一章 句子的形成 任何一个句子一定由主语(subject/S)及动词(verb/V)形成。 John works hard. S V 2. He plays the piano well. 3. Mary seems to be fond of learning English. 有时主语可以省略,形成祈使句。这种句句首为原形动词,之前省略了You should. Work hard.=(You should) work hard. Be quiet.=(You should) be quiet. 可做主语的词类 一般见到的结构中,通常是以名词做主语,但除了名词之外,还可用代词,动名词或不定式短语,名词性从句,名词短语,表距离的地方副词短语等做主语。 名词做主语。 The child is apt to tell lies. Gold is of much value. 代词做主语 He always keeps his p0rmise. It is a lot of fun to climb mountains. 动名词或不定式短语做主语: See him makes me angry. Seeing him makes me angry. See him is my purpose of coming here. To see him is my purpose of coming here. 动词绝不可直接当主语,一定要变成动名词或不定式短语,才可视为名词的对等语,作主语用。 动名词作主语 集邮是他的爱好之一。 听音乐使我快乐。 不定式作主语 出国念书是我最大的愿望。 到日本游玩是我今年的计划。 注意 Collecting stamps is one of his hobbies.=It is one ofhis hobbies to collect stamps. Listening to music makes me happy.=It makes me happy to listen to music. To study abroad is my greatest desire.=It is my greatest desire to study abroad. 例外: It is no use+动名词短语 It is no use crying over split milk. It is no use asking him for help. 注意 It is no use+动名词短语 =It is useless+不定式短语 =It is of no use+不定式短语 =There is no use/sense/point+in+动名词短语 例: It is useless to cry over split milk. =It is of no use to cry over split milk. =There is no use in crying 名词性从句作主语: He doesnot study makes me angry. 名词性从句的种类: 宾语从句,主语从句,表语从句,同位语从句 名词性从句一共有三种: that从句 whether从句 疑问词所引导的从句 1.that从句 He doesn’t believe my words. That he doesnot believe my words. He enjoys dancing. There is a lot of work to do. 2.whether从句 a, 问句有be动词 Is he happy? ----whether he is happy b.问句有一般助动词(can, will, may, should, ought to, must, have)时 Can he do it?

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