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ISM 船舶国际安全管理规则-英文版.ppt 60页

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Overview of ISM Code Existing Requirement of ISM CODE Resolution MSC.99(73), amendments to SOLAS Ch. IX. Resolution MSC.104(73), amendments to ISM Code. Resolution A.913(22), Revised guidelines SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM The policy (objectives & commitment from Top Management). The identification, allocation and organization of resources, including the definition of responsibilities, authorities and interrelations. The systematic planning and control of operations and emergency responses. The maintenance & continual improvement of system. MAINTENANCE OF SYSTEM Certification is not the end but just the BEGINNING. A system must be “alive”, and must adapt to changing requirements of Company and regulatory environment in which it operates. The system is maintained by continual improvement. continual improvement is not only desirable, but is also a requirement of ISM Code in clause CONTINUAL IMPROVEMENT Identification of the need for, and the provision of training. Reporting and investigation of accidents, hazardous occurrences and non-conformities. Company and shipboard internal audits. Company management review & Shipboard Master review. Corrective and preventive action and its monitoring. Motivation of crew; drills and exercises for emergencies. HUMAN RESOURCE EMERGENCY DRILLS AND EXERCISES No matter how good a system is, things will still go wrong. The speed and effectiveness of the response of people to an emergency will depend on how often and how realistically that response has been practised. Drills and exercises are especially important in overcoming language difficulties. CORRECTIVE AND PREVENTIVE ACTION Clause 9.2, Accidents & System Non-conformities, Clause 10.2.3, Maintenance Defects, Clause 12.3, Internal Audit findings, Clause 12.6, Deficiencies (PSCO, Oil Company Vetting). CORRECTIVE AND PREVENTIVE ACTION Corrective and preventive actions are fundamental elements in the continual improvement of the system. They could also be called “


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