限定性定语从句与非限定性定语从句的区别 (全).ppt

限定性定语从句与非限定性定语从句的区别 (全).ppt

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限定性定语从句与非限定性定语从句的区别 (全)

* * 1. Look at the girl _________ is singing so beautifully. 2. Do you know the woman to ______ our teacher is talking? 3. Jim is the boy ______ hat is red. 4. He gave me a pen ___________ he bought last week. 5. Mary has read all the books ______ I lent her. who/that whom whose that / which that 关系代词在定语从句中代替先行词 做主语、宾语、表语或定语。先行词做主 宾表, 是人时用 _____, ______ 或 _____; 是物时用 ______ 或 ______。先行词作定 语, 表示“…… 的”时, 用 ______。 who whom that which that whose 6. Is it the reason _____ you were late? 7. October 1st is the date _____ China celebrates its National Day. 8. We walked in a garden ______ many trees and flowers had been planted. 9. This is the island ______ I lived for two years. 10. 2001-2005 are the years _____ I studied in the university. why when where where when 关系副词在定语从句中代替先行 词做状语。先行词作原因状语时用 _____;作地点状语时用 _______; 作时间状语时, 用 ______。 why where when 11. He is the man __ _____ you can believe. 12. He gave me some books ____ ______ I am not very familiar. 13. This is the reason ___ ______ he was late. 14. I will never go to the restaurant again __ ______ I was treated badly. 15. 2008 is the year __ ______ the Olympic Games were held in Beijing. in whom with which for which at which in which “介词 + 关系代词”引导定语从句时, 介词的选择要看与定语从句中_____, ______ 的搭配, 以及与______ 的搭配。 介词后的关系代词只能是 _____ 或 _____ 先行词 动词 形容词 whom which 限定性定语从句与 非限定性定语从句的区别 He is one of the students who have won a scholarship. Frederick William I, to whom the Amber Room belonged, decided not to keep it. A.不可省 B.不用that C.做宾语whom不可用who替换 A.做宾语时可省略 B .可用that C.做宾语whom可用who替换 关系词的使用 通常翻译成主句的并列句 翻译成先行词的定语,“…的…” 译法上 是对先行词的补充说明,删除后意思仍完整 是先行词不可缺少的 定语,不能删除 意义上 用逗号隔开 不用逗号和主句隔开 形式上 非限制性定语从句 限制性定语从句 He is one of the students who have won a scholarship. 他是赢得奖学金的学生之一。 Frederick William I, to whom the Amber Room belonged, decided not to keep it. 费德里克 威廉一世,琥珀屋是属于他的;决定不再保留

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