垃圾分类外文文献.doc 14页

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    句 Springer 句 Springer J Mater Cycles Waste Manag (2014) 16:321-334 DOI 10.1007/si 0163-013-0190-1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Comparison research on waste classification between China and the EU,Japan,and the USA Xuefeng Wen ? Qingming Luo ? Hualong Hu ? Na Wang ? Ying Chen ? Jing Jin ? Yongli Hao ? Guanying Xu ? Fengming Li ? Wenjie Fang Received: 4 October 2012/Accepted: 22 August 2013/Published online: 13 September 2013 ? Springer Japan 2013 Abstract Waste and waste management have become significant global issues and common challenges that we face. Efficient and effective waste management is an essential part of civilized society. A good waste classification system is the foundation and precondition for efficient waste management. In this paper, in accordance with waste classification principles of systematicness,hierarchy, practical maneuverability and expansibility, waste classification systems in China, the EU, Japan and the USA are reviewed for collection, transportation and treatment sectors. Comparison analysis results show that waste classification methods are diversified and process-oriented classification, substance-oriented and hazardous properties classification principles are widely adopted for waste generation and transportation. For waste treatment process, all the countries and regions adopt similar classification methods based on follow-up treatment process. In general, the EU and Japan all have established their own integrated waste classification system. However, the EU^s macro- Wen ? Q. Luo (El) ? H. Hu ? N. Wang ? Y. Chen ? J. Jin ? Y. Hao National Center of Solid Waste Management, Ministry of Environmental Protection, No. I Yuhuinanlu, Chaoyang District,Beijing 100029, China c-mail: nuochampion@ 126.com G. Xu Guangdong Provincial Waste Management Center, No. 213 Longkouxilu, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong, China F. Li Liaoning Provincial Solid Waste Management Center, No. 34 Congshandonglu, Yuhong District, Shenyang 210036, Liaoning,China W. Fang Zhejia

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