Presenting a speech （做演讲）
Of all human creations, language may be the most remarkable. Through language we share
experience, formulate values, exchange ideas, transmit knowledge, and sustain culture. Indeed,
language is vital to think itself. Contrary to popular belief, language does not simply mirror reality
but also helps to create our sense of reality by giving meaning to events.
Good speakers have respect for language and know how it works. Words are the tools of a
speaker’s craft. They have special uses, just like the tools of any other profession. As a speaker,
you should be aware of the meaning of words and know how to use language accurately,
Using language accurately is as vital to a speaker as using numbers accurately to a accountant.
Never use a word unless you are sure of its meaning. If you are not sure, look up the word in the
dictionary. As you prepare your speeches, ask yourself constantly, “What do I really want to say?
What do I really mean? ” Choose words that are precise and accurate.
Using language clearly allows listeners to grasp your meaning immediately. You can ensure
this [by using familiar words （that are known to the average person and require no specialized
background ）; by choosing concrete words in preference to more abstract ones, and by eliminating
Using language vividly helps bring your speech to life. One way (to make your speech vivid