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不定式的被动语态.ppt 27页

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形 式 主 动 被 动 一般式 进行式 完成式 完成进行式 to do to have done to be doing to have been doing to be done to have been done 当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式的动作执行者时用 _____ 语态;当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式所表示的动作承受者时用 _____语态。进行式和完成进行式没有被动语态。 主动 被动 作主语 It’s my honor______________.(在这里演讲) It is my honor_________________________. (被邀请在这里演讲) to speak here to be asked to speak here (2) 作宾语 She wanted________________________. (在香港工作) She asked____________________________. (被派去香港工作) to be sent to work in Hong Kong to work in Hong Kong (3) 宾补 1、他想立刻打印这封信。 He wanted _________________at once. He wanted the letter __________at once. to type the letter to be typed 2、她喜欢我表扬她儿子。 She likes me________________. She likes her son____________. to be praised to praise her son (4) 作定语 Do you have a meeting____________?(出席) Are you going to the meeting __________ (召开) next week? to attend to be held (5) 作状语 她太小不能做这样的工作。 She was too young____________________ 她太小不能被安排这样的工作。(assign) She was too young_____________________ to be assigned such work. to do such a job. 1.It’s an honor for him to be invited to the party. 2.He thought it an honor to have been invited to the party. 不定式完成被动式( to have been done) 是强调不定式的动作发生在谓语动作之前。 It is a good thing for him to have been criticized. She preferred to have been given heavier work to do. He thought it an honour to have been invited to the party. She was the first woman to have been elected to such a post. The book is said to have been translated into many languages. (complex predicate) 1. 在 there be 结构中。 There is a lot of homework to do. There is no time to lose. 2. 在“… be + adj + to do”结构中。常用的 形容词有 easy,difficult,hard,impossible,pleasant, interesting,important等。 Math is hard to learn. He is impossible to get on with. 3. 在“too … to …; enough … to …”结构中。 The problem is too difficult to work out. The house is big enough to live in. 4. 在“with + n. + to do”结构中。 With nothing

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