下一代信令新标准:超越SIP-AlanJohnston.pdf 19页

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下一代信令新标准:超越SIP-AlanJohnston.pdf

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    WebRTC Signaling: Beyond SIP Alan B. Johnston, PhD Adjunct Faculty, Seattle University, USA Independent Consultant WeChat: alanbjohnston Topics •  What is Signaling? •  What is SIP? •  What is WebRTC Signaling? •  What is the Future of WebRTC Signaling? Lots of questions. Some answers. Q: What is “signaling”? A: Depends who you ask... A: Telephony Person answers... “Easy, it is: ” –  ISDN, –  CAS, –  SS7, –  E&M, –  Flashhook, etc. A. Web developer answers: •  “Um, can you repeat the question?” What Signaling Really Is •  Solution to the distributed state problem of all communication –  Communication is between two or more devices –  The two devices must agree on the “state” of the session –  The two devices must agree on the settings and parameters of a session •  “negotiation” •  “offer/answer” Signaling for a Web Developer •  Similar to state sychronization between a client (browser) and server So Signaling to a Web Developer means... •  “Do you mean: –  AJAX, –  XHR, or –  WebSockets?” •  Kind of... –  (These are signaling transports) Example: Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) •  “Application Layer Signaling Protocol” for VoIP, video, and real-time communication •  Used in IMS, telco, and enterprise networks •  Published as a standard 14 years ago RFC 3261 SIP Extension for WebSocket Transport •  SIP normally uses UDP or TCP for transport •  To be used for WebRTC signaling, it must run over WebSocket •  RFC 7118 Q: Is SIP Good for WebRTC Signaling? A: Maybe... Let’s look at what SIP does and what WebRTC needs Functionality •  SIP •  WebRTC Signaling –

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