甲醇合成工艺英文资料及译文.doc

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英文资料: First, the development of profiles of methanol and methanol domestic use Methanol as the most important organic chemical raw material, is a carbon-based chemical industry products, plays an important role in the national economy. For a long time, methanol is used as pesticides, pharmaceuticals, dyes and other industrial raw materials industries, but with the advances in technology and development, methanol will be used more and more areas. 1. the development of production 1) the development of the world's methanol industry Generally speaking, the world's methanol industry has experienced since the 1990s 1991-1998 1998-1999 supply and demand-supply balance, beginning of 2000 so far from the basic balance of supply and demand of three basic stages. [1] Nexant Chem Systems, according to the company's latest statistics, the world's methanol production capacity of 2004, 42.265 million t / a [2] The following are statistics in recent years, demand for methanol. Until 2004, is still mainly used in the manufacture of methanol and formaldehyde, MTBE. Amount of methanol used in the manufacture of formaldehyde into the growth trend over the year, while demand for MTBE is reduced year by year. Asian demand is growing relatively rapidly, in contrast, demand in North America in decline. 2) .the development of China's methanol industry China's methanol industry after ten years of development, production capacity has been greatly improved. In 1991, China's production capacity of only 70 million tons, the end of 2004, China's methanol production capacity has reached 7.4 million tons, ll7 manufacturing enterprises produced a total of 4.4065 million methanol production, methanol, 1 September 2005 amounted to 393 methanol .22 million t, so an increase of 22.2%, imports 991,000 t, down 3.1% so. Second the development of production technology large-scale installations Compared with the previous century, and now the new size of over one million tons of methanol has been unusual. In

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