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《酷学网-英语长难句傲娇译》.ppt 58页

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定语从句--非限制定语从句 I love you , which means I can do everything for you . 指代前面的一整句话 1.Most fisheries are well below that,which is a bad way to do business. 2.A few generative rules are then sufficient to unfold the entire structure of a lanuage, which is why children can learn it so quickly. 定语从句--非限制定语从句 注:as,which都能在非限制定语从句中指代一句话的作用。 区别:1.位置:which不放句首。 2.翻译:which:这,那;as:正如 As is known to all, he is the best student in our class. Nevertheless, as any biographer knows, a person's early life and its conditions are often the greatest gift to an individual. **but:关系代词,作主语(= who not或that not) 即用在否定词或具有否定意义的词后,构成双重否定。 ①There is no mother but loves her children.没有不爱自己孩子的母亲。 ②There was no one present but knew the story already.在场的人都知道这个故事。 定语从句--非限制定语从句 1.The boy loves his job. 2.Knowledge is power . 3.Yinxin, my wife, loves shopping. 名词性从句  名词性从句 { His job is important. What he does is important. This is his job. This is what he does every day. { 名词性从句 主语 表语 从句连词+陈述句 { I don’t like his job. I don’t like what he does every day. { I don’t know about the man, Mr. White. I don’t know about the fact that he is Mr.White. 名词性从句 宾语 同位语 名词性从句 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:   连接词:that, whether, if 连接代词:what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which. 连接副词:when, where, how, why 名词性从句 That he finished writing the composition in such a short time surprised us all His suggestion is that we should stay calm. There was a suggestion that Brown should be dropped from the team. 1. that 无意义,宾语从句中可省略 2. 不充当介宾 3 引导主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句,that不可省略。 注意 {   It doesn’t make much difference whether he attends the meeting or not. =whether he attends the meeting or not doesn’t make much difference   It seemed inconceivable that the pilot could have survived the crash. =That the pilot could have survived the crash seemed inconceivable 名词性从句--主语从句 用it作形式主语 I made it clear to them that they must hand in their papers before 10 o’clock in the morning.


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