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Welfare System22.ppt 18页

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Welfare System in the US 金融7班邓巍 Welfare Welfare refers to a broad discourse which may hold certain implications regarding the provision of a minimal level of wellbeing and social support for all citizens. In most developed countries, welfare is largely provided by the government, in addition to charities, informal social groups, religious groups, and inter-governmental organizations. 福利是指广泛的话语,可容纳某些关于所有公民提供的最低限度的幸福感与社会支持的影响。在最发达的国家,很大程度上由政府,除了向慈善机构、 非正式的社会团体、 宗教团体和政府间组织提供福利。 The welfare system in the United States began in the 1930s, during the Great Depression. After the Great Society legislation of the 1960s, for the first time a person who was not elderly or disabled could receive aid from the American government.Aid could include general welfare payments, health care through Medicaid, food stamps, special payments for pregnant women and young mothers, and federal and state housing benefits. George Walker Bush 布什提倡对于社会福利机制进行逐步的撤销管制,并主张将社会福利民营化以提供人们更多元的选择。共和党在2003年通过了医疗保险法案,将更多处方药品划入医疗保险计划(Medicare)的保险范围,并且创设了健康储蓄帐号(HealthSavingsAccount)制度,使人们可以选择省下医疗保险的一部分资金以投资在其他“重要的地方”。 在任内布什内推行了$1.3万亿元的减税计划、以及对于医疗保险和社会福利体制的改革。 US Welfare System – Help for US Citizens Federally funded and governed US welfare began in the 1930's during the Great Depression. The US government responded to the overwhelming number of families and individuals in need of aid by creating a welfare program that would give assistance to those who had little or no income. The US welfare system stayed in the hands of the federal government for the next sixty-one years. Many Americans were unhappy with the welfare system, claiming that individuals were abusing the welfare program by not applying for jobs, having more children just to get more aid, and staying unmarried so as to qualify for greater benefits. Welfare system reform became a hot topic in the1990's. Eligibility Requirements for State Welfare Program Eligibility for a Welfare program depends on numer

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